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Case Reports in Urology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 924918, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/924918
Case Report

Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder Mimicking Interstitial Cystitis and Voiding Dysfunction

1West Virginia University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 9238, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
2Division of Urology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 9238, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 9238, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA

Received 31 July 2013; Accepted 29 August 2013

Academic Editors: S.-S. Chen and F. M. Solivetti

Copyright © 2013 Colton Prudnick et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the bladder is a relatively uncommon cause of bladder cancer accounting for <5% of bladder tumors in the western countries. SCC has a slight male predominance and tends to occur in the seventh decade of life. The main presenting symptom of SCC is hematuria, and development of this tumor in the western world is associated most closely with chronic indwelling catheters and spinal cord injuries. A 39-year-old Caucasian female presented with bladder and lower abdominal pain, urinary frequency, and nocturia which was originally believed to be interstitial cystitis (IC) but was later diagnosed as SCC of the bladder. Presentation of SCC without hematuria is an uncommon presentation, but the absence of this symptom should not lead a practitioner to exclude the diagnosis of SCC. This case is being reported in an attempt to explain the delay and difficulty of diagnosis. Background on the risk factors for SCC of the bladder and the typical presenting symptoms of bladder SCC and IC are also reviewed.