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Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 280603, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/280603
Case Report

Rabies in a Vaccinated 9-Month-Old German Shepherd Dog, Akure, 2010: A Case Report

1National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom PMB 01, Nigeria
2State Veterinary Hospital, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
3Central Diagnostic Department, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom PMB 01, Nigeria

Received 2 February 2013; Accepted 21 March 2013

Academic Editors: F. Mutinelli and D. M. Wong

Copyright © 2013 A. M. Qasim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

After the onset of symptoms, the clinical course of rabies is almost invariably fatal. Rabies has traditionally been associated with dogs more than any other animal, and in parts of the world where domestic animal control and vaccination programs are limited, dogs remain the most important reservoir of the disease. We report a case of canine rabies in a vaccinated 9-month-old German shepherd female dog. The presenting clinical sign was jaw muscle paralysis with a hanging bronze color like tongue without salivation. Following encephalectomy, a rabies positive diagnosis was confirmed by fluorescent antibody technique at the Rabies Laboratory, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom. The epidemiology of the rabies case is not understood. This case is of public health significance because of the at-risk population including animal health care service provider and animals. The following were recommended, (a) a reinvigorated control measure that includes the awareness program on prevention, responsible dog ownership with dog registration at veterinary hospitals, and registered veterinary clinics by the government and (b) a yearly rabies vaccination campaign that must be improved through the veterinary public health and other health departments collaborating.