Table 1: Variables in structure equation.

Latent variables and variable symbolsObserved variables and variable symbolsDescription and coding input values

Personal information X1Car ownership X11One car: 1
Two cars: 2
Three cars: 3
Household size X12One person: 1
Two persons: 2
Three persons: 3
Four persons: 4
Five persons: 5
Equal to or more than six persons: 6

Perception of traffic condition X2Traffic congestion X21Very congested: 1
Relatively congested: 2
Congested: 3
Not congested: 4
Smooth traffic flow: 5
Parking fee at destination X22Too high to be tolerated: 1
A little higher: 2
Moderately and acceptable: 3
Cheap: 4

Perception of park and ride facility X3Perception of parking X31Strongly satisfied: 1
Relatively satisfied: 2
Satisfied: 3
Unsatisfied: 4
Strongly unsatisfied: 5
Perception of transferring X32Strongly satisfied: 1
Relatively satisfied: 2
Satisfied: 3
Unsatisfied: 4
Strongly unsatisfied: 5

Travel time X41Strongly satisfied: 1
Relatively satisfied: 2
Satisfied: 3
Unsatisfied: 4
Strongly unsatisfied: 5
Perception of travel X4Travel cost X42Strongly satisfied: 1
Relatively satisfied: 2
Satisfied: 3
Unsatisfied: 4
Strongly unsatisfied: 5
Comfort X43Too crowded to be tolerated: 1
Relatively crowded: 2
Crowded and acceptable: 3
Comfortable: 4
Very comfortable and enough room: 5

Past weekly travel times for park and ride X5One day: 1
Two days: 2
Three days: 3
Four days: 4
Five days: 5
Six days: 6
Seven days: 7

Travel intent for park and ride X6Increase three times: 1
Increase two times: 2
Increase one time: 3
Do not change: 4
Decrease one time: 5
Decrease two times: 6
Decrease three times: 7