Table 1: Globe optimum, search ranges, and initialization ranges of test functions.

FunctionFunction name Minimum valueRange of searchInitialization range

Sphere 0
Rosenbrock 0
Sum of different powers 0
Sin 0
Rastrigin 0
Griewank 0
Ackley 0
Weierstrass 0
Ro-Rastrigin 0
Ro-Griewank 0
Ro-Ackley 0
Ro-Weierstrass 0