About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 192021, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/192021
Research Article

Experimental and Analytical Studies on Improved Feedforward ML Estimation Based on LS-SVR

1The State Key Laboratory of Complex Electromagnetic Environment Effects on Electronics and Information System, Luoyang 471003, China
2Luoyang Electronic Equipment Test Center of China, Luoyang 471003, China
3Zhengzhou Information Science and Technology Institute, Zhengzhou 450002, China

Received 9 August 2013; Revised 18 October 2013; Accepted 24 October 2013

Academic Editor: Guoliang Wei

Copyright © 2013 Xueqian Liu and Hongyi Yu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. N. Vapnik, Statistical Learning Theory, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1998.
  2. D. C. Rife and R. R. Boorstyn, “Single-tone parameter estimation from discrete-time observations,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 591–598, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  3. Y. V. Zakharov and T. C. Tozer, “Frequency estimator with dichotomous search of periodogram peak,” Electronics Letters, vol. 35, no. 19, pp. 1608–1609, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y. V. Zakharov, V. M. Baronkin, and T. C. Tozer, “DFT-based frequency estimators with narrow acquisition range,” Proceedings of IEE Communications, vol. 148, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. Aboutanios, “A modified dichotomous search frequency estimator,” IEEE Signal Processing Letters, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 186–188, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Xu and D. Zhang, “A simple iterative carrier frequency estimation algorithm,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Networks Security, Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing (NSWCTC '09), pp. 724–727, Wuhan, China, April 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G.-B. Zhang, “Novel algorithm for frequency estimation of sinusoid signal with random length,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Electronic and Mechanical Engineering and Information Technology (EMEIT '11), pp. 523–526, Harbin, China, August 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. G. Quinn, “Estimating frequency by interpolation using Fourier coefficients,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 1264–1268, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. G. Quinn, “Estimation of frequency, amplitude, and phase from the DFT of a time series,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 814–817, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Aboutanios and B. Mulgrew, “Iterative frequency estimation by interpolation on Fourier coefficients,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1237–1242, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Aboutanios, “Generalised DFT-based estimators of the frequency of a complex exponential in noise,” in Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Image and Signal Processing (CISP '10), pp. 2998–3002, Yantai, China, October 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Yang and G. Wei, “A noniterative frequency estimator with rational combination of three spectrum lines,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 59, no. 10, pp. 5065–5070, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. R. Dooley and A. K. Nandi, “Fast frequency estimation and tracking using Lagrange interpolation,” Electronics Letters, vol. 34, no. 20, pp. 1908–1910, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I. Djurović and V. V. Lukin, “Estimation of single-tone signal frequency by using the L-DFT,” Signal Processing, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 1537–1544, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  15. G. Campobello, G. Cannatá, N. Donato, A. Famulari, and S. Serrano, “A novel low-complex and low-memory method for accurate single-tone frequency estimation,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Communications, Control, and Signal Processing (ISCCSP '10), pp. 1–6, Limassol, Cyprus, March 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. W. Chen, D. H. Li, and X. P. Wei, “Accurate frequency estimation of real sinusoid signal,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Signal Processing Systems, pp. 370–372, Dalian, China, July 2010.
  17. Z. Ye, G. Xu, and D. Guo, “An accurate estimation algorithm of frequency and phase at low signal-noise ratio levels,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Wireless Communications and Signal Processing (WCSP '10), pp. 1–5, Suzhou, China, October 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. Wei, C. Yang, and F.-J. Chen, “Closed-form frequency estimator based on narrow-band approximation under noisy environment,” Signal Processing, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 841–851, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  19. S. A. Tretter, “Estimating the frequency of a noisy sinusoid by linear regression,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. IT-31, no. 6, pp. 832–835, 1985. View at Scopus
  20. S. Kay, “A fast and accurate single frequency estimator,” IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 1987–1990, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. V. Clarkson, P. J. Kootsookos, and B. G. Quinn, “Analysis of the variance threshold of Kay's weighted linear predictor frequency estimator,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 2370–2379, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. E. Rosnes and A. Vahlin, “Frequency estimation of a single complex sinusoid using a generalized Kay estimator,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 407–415, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. H. C. So and F. K. W. Chan, “A generalized weighted linear predictor frequency estimation approach for a complex sinusoid,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 1304–1315, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. B. Awoseyila, C. Kasparis, and B. G. Evans, “Improved single frequency estimation with wide acquisition range,” Electronics Letters, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 245–247, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. Fu and P. Y. Kam, “Improved weighted phase averager for frequency estimation of single sinusoid in noise,” Electronics Letters, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 247–248, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Luise and R. Reggiannini, “Carrier frequency recovery in all-digital modems for burst-mode transmissions,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 43, no. 2–4, pp. 1169–1178, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. P. Fitz, “Further results in the fast estimation of a single-tone frequency,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 42, no. 2–4, pp. 862–864, 1994.
  28. U. Mengali and M. Morelli, “Data-aided frequency estimation for burst digital transmission,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 23–25, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. H. Leung, Y. Xiong, and W. H. Lau, “Modified Kay's method with improved frequency estimation,” Electronics Letters, vol. 36, no. 10, pp. 918–920, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. W. K. Lui and H. C. So, “Two-stage autocorrelation approach for accurate single sinusoidal frequency estimation,” Signal Processing, vol. 88, no. 7, pp. 1852–1857, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  31. D. Kim, M. J. Narasimha, and D. C. Cox, “An improved single frequency estimator,” IEEE Signal Processing Letters, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 212–214, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. T. Brown and M. M. Wang, “An iterative algorithm for single-frequency estimation,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 50, no. 11, pp. 2671–2682, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. Y.-C. Xiao, P. Wei, X.-C. Xiao, and H.-M. Tai, “Fast and accurate single frequency estimator,” Electronics Letters, vol. 40, no. 14, pp. 910–911, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. L. Fowler and J. Andrew Johnson, “Extending the threshold and frequency range for phase-based frequency estimation,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 2857–2863, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus