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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 316896, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/316896
Research Article

A Pilot Study Verifying How the Curve Information Impacts on the Driver Performance with Cognition Model

Key Laboratory of Traffic Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China

Received 18 September 2012; Revised 27 December 2012; Accepted 28 December 2012

Academic Editor: Wuhong Wang

Copyright © 2013 Xiaohua Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Drivers' misjudgment is a significant issue for the curve safety. It is considered as a more influential factor than other traffic environmental conditions for inducing risk. The research suggested that the cognition theory could explain the process of drivers’ behavior at curves. In this simulator experiment, a principle cognition model was built to examine the rationality of this explanation. The core of this pilot study was using one of the driving decision strategies for braking at curves to verify the accuracy of the cognition model fundamentally. Therefore, the experiment designed three treatments of information providing modes. The result of the experiment presented that the warning information about curves in advance can move the position of first braking away from curves. This phenomenon is consistent with the model’s inference. Thus, the conclusion of this study indicates that the process of the drivers' behavior at curves can be explained by the cognition theory and represented by cognition model. In addition, the model’s characteristics and working parameters can be acquired by doing other research. Then based on the model it can afford the advice for giving the appropriate warning information that may avoid the driver’s mistake.