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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 812562, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/812562
Research Article

Effect Analysis of Intermittent Release Measures in Heavy Fog Weather with an Improved CA Model

Institute of Transportation Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Received 3 August 2013; Accepted 10 October 2013

Academic Editor: Tetsuji Tokihiro

Copyright © 2013 Jing Shi and Jinhua Tan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Heavy fog may easily cause traffic accidents; thus freeway closures are frequently taken in order to ensure traffic safety in China, which not only seriously affect the travel of people, but also bring great economic losses. This paper studies the fog related risk of rear-end collisions and the intermittent release measures taken to reduce such risk; meanwhile, an improved cellular automaton model considering driving behaviors in heavy fog is proposed. The simulation results indicate that the risk indicator in fog is much higher than normal weather when cellular occupancy . After taking intermittent release measures, the magnitude of will drop from 10−4 to 10−5 under the same fog condition, which greatly enhances the safety. In addition, this paper concludes the appropriate vehicle number released for each time and the time interval between adjacent fleets and the maximum number of vehicles which can be released per hour. These results can be used as theoretical basis and reference for the traffic management departments to develop intermittent release measures.