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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 853845, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/853845
Research Article

Pattern Analysis of Driver’s “Pressure-State-Response” in Traffic Congestion

1School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
2College of Traffic, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
3Department of Automobile Service Engineering, Zhejiang Traffic Technician College, Jinhua 321000, China

Received 25 September 2013; Revised 4 November 2013; Accepted 10 November 2013

Academic Editor: Huimin Niu

Copyright © 2013 Weiwei Qi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Traffic congestion, which has a direct impact on the driver’s mood and action, has become a serious problem in rush hours in most cities of China. Currently, the study about driver’s mood and action in traffic congestion is scarce, so it is necessary to work on the relationship among driver’s mood and action and traffic congestion. And the PSR (pressure-state-response) framework is established to describe that relationship. Here, PSR framework is composed of a three-level logical structure, which is composed of traffic congestion environment, drivers’ physiology change, and drivers’ behavior change. Based on the PSR framework, various styles of drivers have been chosen to drive on the congested roads, and then traffic stream state, drivers’ physiology, and behavior characters have been measured via the appropriative equipment. Further, driver’s visual characteristics and lane changing characteristics are analyzed to determine the parameters of PSR framework. According to the PSR framework, the changing law of drivers’ characteristics in traffic congestion has been obtained to offer necessary logical space and systematic framework for traffic congestion management.