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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 930562, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/930562
Research Article

Optimal Skip-Stop Schedule under Mixed Traffic Conditions for Minimizing Travel Time of Passengers

1College of Transportation, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, China
2College of Transportation, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
3College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China

Received 24 July 2013; Revised 15 September 2013; Accepted 4 October 2013

Academic Editor: Wuhong Wang

Copyright © 2013 Sun Feng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Given the lower efficiency resulting from the overload of bus stops, the capacity and travel time of passengers influenced by skip-stop operation are analyzed under mixed traffic conditions, and the travel time models of buses and cars are developed, respectively. This paper proposes an optimization model for designing skip-stop service that can minimize the total travel time for passengers. Genetic algorithm is adopted for finding the optimal coordination of the stopping stations of overall bus lines in an urban bus corridor. In this paper, Tian-Mu-Shan Road of Hangzhou City is taken as an example. Results show that the total travel time of all travelers becomes 7.03 percent shorter after the implementation of skip-stop operation. The optimization scheme can improve the operating efficiency of the road examined.