941238.fig.001a
(a) Pinned localized cluster (PLC) A5 South, September 19, 2001
941238.fig.001b
(b) Moving localized cluster (MLC) A5 South, June 06, 2001
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(c) Triggered stop-and-go waves (TSG) A5 South, May 07, 2001
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(d) Oscillating congested traffic (OCT) A5 South, July 31, 2001
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(e) Homogeneous synchronized traffic (HST) A5 South, April 09, 2001
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(f) Homogenous congested traffic (HCT) A5 South, April 25, 2001
Figure 1: Examples of congested traffic states measured on the German freeway A5 close to Frankfurt. (a) Pinned localized cluster (PLC), (b) Moving localized cluster (MLC), (c) Triggered stop-and-go waves (TSG), (d) Oscillating congested traffic (OCT), (e) Homogeneous synchronized flow (HST), and (f) Homogeneous congested traffic (HCT). This figure is taken from http//:www.traffic-states.com/.