Table 3: Optimal decisions of retail prices, wholesale price, and collecting rates.

Game scenario

Manufacturer Stackelberg 503.0028 503.0108 380.8939 0.3296 0.3247
Retailer Stackelberg 484.3593 481.2045 279.4503 0.6861 0.6988
Vertical Nash 455.7510 455.7604 309.0691 0.3883 0.3825