Table 5: MANOVA variance analysis of lane changing behavior.

Dependent variableIndependent variableType III SSDFMean square Sig.

The first part: VMS location (VMS-I)LCT38.32219.160.6250.539
LCP502452252121.0850.345
LCL2264.3021132.150.1340.875
LCS7.9223.960.1310.878
LCD3.7421.878.2490.001

The second part: VMS information formats (VMS-II)LCT142.03271.012.8900.065
LCP1198292599157.7330.001
LCL57245.30228622.696.6220.003
LCS322.442161.227.7620.001
LCD0.3820.190.6020.551