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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 394846, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/394846
Research Article

Development of a Safety Evaluation Model for Provincial Highway

1College of Civil and Transportation Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2Department of Vehicle, Henan Communication Vocational Technology College, Zhengzhou 450002, China
3School of Transportation, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
4College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Shan Dong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266510, China

Received 10 November 2013; Revised 22 December 2013; Accepted 24 December 2013; Published 8 January 2014

Academic Editor: Wuhong Wang

Copyright © 2014 Li Yuan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Provincial highway safety is one of the most important issues in transportation. To evaluate or assess the safety performance of provincial highway, traffic crash analysis or traffic conflict analysis has been used for a long history. However, it is very difficult and time-consuming to obtain historical crash data or traffic conflict data. This study analyzes the provincial highways' accident data during 2006–2010, and the characteristics of provincial highway have been investigated; in addition the influencing elements are identified. A comprehensive approach is introduced to evaluate provincial highway safety performance and corresponding models are developed considering the accidents, geometrics, facilities, and traffic environment. The approach will also result in a safety index to indicate the safety performance level of the provincial highway. In this paper, the approach (called safety evaluation approach) is practically applied to evaluate the safety performance of some provincial highways in Hebei Province. Results from the real application indicate that the approach has good applicability and can be used by field safety engineers.