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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 428568, 8 pages
Research Article

Analysis of Price Stackelberg Duopoly Game with Bounded Rationality

1School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
2School of Management Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China

Received 18 October 2013; Revised 9 January 2014; Accepted 9 January 2014; Published 17 February 2014

Academic Editor: Stepan A. Tersian

Copyright © 2014 Lian Shi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The classical Stackelberg game is extended to boundedly rational price Stackelberg game, and the dynamic duopoly game model is described in detail. By using the theory of bifurcation of dynamical systems, the existence and stability of the equilibrium points of this model are studied. And some comparisons with Bertrand game with bounded rationality are also performed. Stable region, bifurcation diagram, The Largest Lyapunov exponent, strange attractor, and sensitive dependence on initial conditions are used to show complex dynamic behavior. The results of theoretical and numerical analysis show that the stability of the price Stackelberg duopoly game with boundedly rational players is only relevant to the speed of price adjustment of the leader and not relevant to the follower’s. This is different from the classical Cournot and Bertrand duopoly game with bounded rationality. And the speed of price adjustment of the boundedly rational leader has a destabilizing effect on this model.