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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 824360, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/824360
Research Article

Statistical Analysis of Traffic Accidents in Shanghai River Crossing Tunnels and Safety Countermeasures

1School of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
3School of Automobile and Transportation, Qingdao Technological University, Qingdao, Shandong 266520, China

Received 14 September 2013; Revised 21 November 2013; Accepted 4 December 2013; Published 4 February 2014

Academic Editor: Wuhong Wang

Copyright © 2014 Linjun Lu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A large number of traffic tunnel accidents have been reported in China since the 21th century. However, few studies have been reported to analyze traffic accidents that have occurred in urban road tunnels. This study aims to examine the characteristics of the temporal, spatial, and modality distributions of traffic in Shanghai river crossing tunnels using statistical analysis and comparative analysis. Employing these techniques tunnel accident data obtained from Shanghai center 110 was analyzed to determine temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of traffic accidents in river crossing tunnels in Shanghai. The results of this analysis are discussed and summarized in this paper. Identification of the characteristics of tunnel traffic accidents can provide valuable information for development of effective countermeasures to improve tunnel safety in China.