Table 1: Definition of variables.

VariableDefinitionNote

AgeAge group: (1) 15–23, (2) 24–30, (3) 31–40, (4) 41–55, and (5) >55
GenderPedestrian’s gender: (1)—male and (2)—female
Principles of crossingThe principles of street crossing: (1) safety, (2) convenience, and (3) save time or strength
Detour willingnessaPedestrian’s attitude towards detour: (1) accept to detour, (2) often detour, (3) occasionally detour, and (4) refuse to detour
Compliance with the traffic rulesThe degree of compliance with the traffic rules: (1) always, (2) often, and (3) seldom
Crossing timeThe time for crossing at crosswalk: (1) pedestrian green signal, (2) pedestrian red signal and force to cross, and (3) pedestrian red signal and the road is clear
Illegal reasonThe reason behind the illegal crossing: (1) unreasonable design and (2) pedestrians’ subjective reasons
Conformity  psychology(1) Pedestrians follow others to cross street (2) Pedestrians do not follow others
Detour distanceThe additional distance caused by detour
Travel timeThe time spent on crossing street via crossing facility
Origin and destinationThe origin and destination of the trip of a pedestrian

Detour means a pedestrian has to walk added distance to cross the street at designated location (facility) rather than to cross directly or at the desired location. The routes 1 and 2 are detour routes as shown in Figure 1.