- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Dermatology Research and Practice
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 135206, 4 pages
Free Radicals and Extrinsic Skin Aging
1Laboratory for Oxidative Stress Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Zdravstvena Pot 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2Biomedicine in Health Care Division, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Zdravstvena Pot 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Received 14 November 2011; Revised 18 December 2011; Accepted 26 December 2011
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Argenziano
Copyright © 2012 Borut Poljšak and Raja Dahmane. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- K. H. Cheeseman and T. F. Slater, “An introduction to free radical biochemistry,” British Medical Bulletin, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 481–493, 1993.
- B. Halliwell and J. Gutteridge, Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine, Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK, 3rd edition, 1999.
- S. K. Katiyar and H. Mukhtar, “Green tea polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate treatment to mouse skin prevents UVB-induced infiltration of leukocytes, depletion of antigen-presenting cells, and oxidative stress,” Journal of Leukocyte Biology, vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 719–726, 2001.
- C. S. Sander, H. Chang, S. Salzmann et al., “Photoaging is associated with protein oxidation in human skin in vivo,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 118, no. 4, pp. 618–625, 2002.
- B. Poljsak, Decreasing Oxidative Stress and Retarding the Aging Process, Nova Science, 2010.
- K. M. Hanson and R. M. Clegg, “Observation and quantification of ultraviolet-induced reactive oxygen species in ex vivo human skin,” Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 57–63, 2002.
- D. I. Pattison and M. J. Davies, “Actions of ultraviolet light on cellular structures,” EXS., no. 96, pp. 131–157, 2006.
- R. Gredilla, “DNA damage and base excision repair in mitochondria and their role in aging,” Journal of Aging Research, vol. 2011, Article ID 257093, 9 pages, 2011.
- S. Yang, Y. Zhang, W. Ries, and L. Key, “Expression of Nox4 in osteoclasts,” Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 238–248, 2004.
- X. Wang, J. Liang, T. Koike et al., “Overexpression of human matrix metalloproteinase-12 enhances the development of inflammatory arthritis in transgenic rabbits,” American Journal of Pathology, vol. 165, no. 4, pp. 1375–1383, 2004.
- M. Berneburg, S. Grether-Beck, V. Kürten et al., “Singlet oxygen mediates the UVA-induced generation of the photoaging- associated mitochondrial common deletion,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 274, no. 22, pp. 15345–15349, 1999.
- M. A. Birch-Machin, M. Tindall, R. Turner, F. Haldane, and J. L. Rees, “Mitochondrial DNA deletions in human skin reflect photo- rather than chronologic aging,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 110, no. 2, pp. 149–152, 1998.
- C. G. Fraga, P. A. Motchnik, M. K. Shigenaga, H. J. Helbock, R. A. Jacob, and B. N. Ames, “Ascorbic acid protects against endogenous oxidative DNA damage in human sperm,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 88, no. 24, pp. 11003–11006, 1991.
- Y. Shindo, E. Witt, and L. Packer, “Antioxidant defence mechanisms in murine epidermis and dermis and their responses to ultraviolet light,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 100, pp. 260–265, 1993.
- Y. Shindo, E. Witt, D. Han et al., “Recovery of antioxidants and reduction in lipid hydroperoxides in murine epidermis and dermis after acute ultraviolet radiation exposure,” Photodermatology Photoimmunology and Photomedicine, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 183–191, 1994.
- J. Thiele, C. O. Barland, R. Ghadially, and P. Elias, “Permeability and antioxidant barriers in aged skin,” in Skin Aging, B. Gilchrest and J. Krutmann, Eds., Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2006.
- J. J. Thiele, M. G. Traber, and L. Packer, “Depletion of human stratum corneum vitamin E: an early and sensitive in vivo marker of UV induced photo-oxidation,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 110, no. 5, pp. 756–761, 1998.
- S. U. Weber, J. J. Thiele, C. E. Cross, and L. Packer, “Vitamin C, uric acid, and glutathione gradients in murine stratum corneum and their susceptibility to ozone exposure,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 1128–1132, 1999.
- S. Xanthoudakis, G. Miao, F. Wang, Y. C. E. Pan, and T. Curran, “Redox activation of Fos-Jun DNA binding activity is mediated by a DNA repair enzyme,” EMBO Journal, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 3323–3335, 1992.
- K. Hirota, M. Matsui, S. Iwata, A. Nishiyama, K. Mori, and J. Yodoi, “Ap-1 transcriptional activity is regulated by a direct association between thioredoxin and Ref-1,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 94, no. 8, pp. 3633–3638, 1997.
- F. Dreher, N. Denig, B. Gabard, D. A. Schwindt, and H. I. Maibach, “Effect of topical antioxidants on UV-induced erythema formation when administered after exposure,” Dermatology, vol. 198, no. 1, pp. 52–55, 1999.
- P. Farris, “Idebenone, green tea, and Coffeeberry extract: new and innovative antioxidants,” Dermatologic Therapy, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 322–329, 2007.