Table 1: Demographic and clinical information for groups.

Healthy control (HC, )Major depressive disorder (MDD, )Borderline personality disorder (BPD, )Group effects

Gender (m/f)13/1516/111/14Patient-HC: n.s.
MDD-BPD: Chi2(2) = 11.1**

Age (M ± SD) Patients-HC: n.s.
HC and BPD < MDD**
F(2,67) = 9.08**

Years of education Patients-HC: t(68) = 4.52,
(M ± SD)MDD-BPD n.s.

BDI (M ± SD) Patients-HC: F(1,68) = 75.00**
MDD-BPD: n.s.,
MDD and BPD > HC: F(2,67) = 39.15**

ERQr (M ± SD) Patients-HC: F(1,68) = 13.74**
ERQs (M ± SD) Patients-HC: F(1,68) = 10.97**
MDD-BPD: n.s.

Stress load (number of events) BPD-MDD n.s.
BPD, MDD > HC**
F(2,67) = 13.85**

Note. BDI: Beck Depression Inventory II, German version [33]. ERQ: Emotion Regulation Questionnaire [38]; ERQr: subscale reappraisal subscale; ERQs: subscale suppression subscale. * , ** , n.s. .