- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 204741, 6 pages
Personality and Major Depression among Directly Exposed Survivors of the Oklahoma City Bombing
1The VA North Texas Health Care System, Division of Emergency Medicine, Departments of Psychiatry and Surgery, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 6363 Forest Park Road, Suite 651, Dallas, TX 75390-8828, USA
2Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
Received 28 June 2012; Accepted 17 August 2012
Academic Editor: Toshinori Kitamura
Copyright © 2012 Carol S. North and C. Robert Cloninger. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- C. R. Cloninger, A. H. Zohar, and K. M. Cloninger, “Promotion of well-being in person-centered mental health care,” FOCUS: The Journal of Lifelong Learning in Psychiatry, vol. 8, pp. 165–179, 2010.
- C. R. Cloninger, “The science of well-being: an integrated approach to mental health and its disorders,” World Psychiatry, vol. 5, pp. 71–76, 2006.
- C. R. Cloninger and A. H. Zohar, “Personality and the perception of health and happiness,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 128, no. 1, pp. 24–32, 2011.
- D. Cicchetti, “Resilience under conditions of extreme stress: a multilevel perspective,” World Psychiatry, vol. 9, pp. 145–154, 2010.
- H. Herrman, D. E. Stewart, N. Diaz-Granados, E. L. Berger, B. Jackson, and T. Yuen, “What is resilience?” Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 258–265, 2011.
- C. R. Cloninger, I. M. Salloum, and J. E. Mezzich, “The dynamic origins of positive health and well-being,” International Journal of Person-Centered Medicine, vol. 2, pp. 1–9, 2012.
- R. M. Ryan and E. L. Deci, “Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being,” American Psychologist, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 68–78, 2000.
- R. Kobao, J. Sniezek, M. M. Zack, R. E. Lucas, and A. Burns, “Well-being assessment: an evaluation of well-being scales for public health and population estimates of well-being among US adults,” Applied Psychology, vol. 2, pp. 272–297, 2010.
- C. R. Cloninger and A. H. Zohar, “Personality and the perception of health and happiness,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 128, no. 1-2, pp. 24–32, 2011.
- G. E. Vaillant, “Positive mental health: is there a cross-cultural definition?” World Psychiatry, vol. 11, pp. 93–99, 2012.
- K. M. Connor and J. R. T. Davidson, “Development of a new Resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC),” Depression and Anxiety, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 76–82, 2003.
- L. Campbell-Sills, S. L. Cohan, and M. B. Stein, “Relationship of resilience to personality, coping, and psychiatric symptoms in young adults,” Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 585–599, 2006.
- R. J. McNally, “Progress and controversy in the study of posttraumatic stress disorder,” Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 54, pp. 229–252, 2003.
- P. R. McHugh and G. Treisman, “PTSD: a problematic diagnostic category,” Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 211–222, 2007.
- C. S. North, A. M. Suris, M. Davis, and R. P. Smith, “Toward validation of the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 166, no. 1, pp. 34–41, 2009.
- C. S. North, S. J. Nixon, S. Shariat et al., “Psychiatric disorders among survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 282, no. 8, pp. 755–762, 1999.
- C. S. North, L. Tivis, J. C. McMillen et al., “Psychiatric disorders in rescue workers after the Oklahoma City bombing,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 159, no. 5, pp. 857–859, 2002.
- C. S. North, A. Abbacchi, and C. R. Cloninger, “Personality and posttraumatic stress disorder among directly exposed survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing,” Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 53, pp. 1–8, 2012.
- C. S. North, “Assessing the link between disaster exposure and mental illness,” in Mental Health in Public Health, L. B. Cottler, Ed., pp. 104–117, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
- C. R. Cloninger, “From the guest editor,” FOCUS: The Journal of Lifelong Learning in Psychiatry, vol. 8, pp. 1–3, 2010.
- C. R. Cloninger, “A practical way to diagnosis personality disorder: a proposal,” Journal of Personality Disorders, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 99–108, 2000.
- D. M. Svrakic, C. Whitehead, T. R. Przybeck, and C. R. Cloninger, “Differential diagnosis of personality disorders by the seven-factor model of temperament and character,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 991–999, 1993.
- C. S. North, B. Pfefferbaum, L. N. Robins, et al., The Diagnostic Interview Schedule/Disaster Supplement (DIS-IV/DS), Washington University, St. Louis, Mo, USA, 2001.
- L. N. Robins, L. B. Cottler, K. K. Bucholz, W. M. Compton, C. North, and K. Rourke, The Diagnostic Interview Schedule For DSM-IV (DIS-IV), Washington University, St. Louis, Mo, USA, 1999.
- H. E. Ross, R. Swinson, S. Doumani, and E. J. Larkin, “Diagnosing comorbidity in substance abusers: a comparison of the test- retest reliability of two interviews,” American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 167–185, 1995.
- H. P. Erdman, M. H. Klein, J. H. Greist, S. M. Bass, J. K. Bires, and P. E. Machtinger, “A comparison of the diagnostic interview schedule and clinical diagnosis,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 144, no. 11, pp. 1477–1480, 1987.
- J. W. Goethe and K. S. Ahmadi, “Comparison of Diagnostic Interview Schedule to psychiatrist diagnoses of alcohol use disorder in psychiatric inpatients,” American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 61–69, 1991.
- H. U. Wittchen, G. Semler, and D. Von Zerssen, “A comparison of two diagnostic methods. Clinical ICD diagnoses vs DSM-III and research diagnostic criteria using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (Version 2),” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 677–684, 1985.
- W. W. Eaton, K. Neufeld, L. S. Chen, and G. Cai, “A comparison of self-report and clinical diagnostic interviews for depression: diagnostic interview schedule and schedules for clinical assessment in neuropsychiatry in the Baltimore epidemiologic catchment area follow-up,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 217–222, 2000.
- C. R. Cloninger, “A systematic method for clinical description and classification of personality variants: a proposal,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 573–588, 1987.
- SAS Institute Inc., System Requirements for SAS 9. 2 Foundation For Microsoft Windows, SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA, 2008.
- G. M. Wagnild and H. M. Young, “Development and psychometric evaluation of the Resilience Scale,” Journal of Nursing Measurement, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 165–178, 1993.
- S. L. Cohan, K. L. Jang, and M. B. Stein, “Confirmatory factor analysis of a short form of the coping inventory for stressful situations,” Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 273–283, 2006.
- F. H. Norris, “Epidemiology of trauma: frequency and impact of different potentially traumatic events on different demographic groups,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 409–418, 1992.
- J. C. McMillen, C. S. North, and E. M. Smith, “What parts of PTSD are normal: intrusion, avoidance, or arousal? Data from the Northridge, California, earthquake,” Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 57–75, 2000.
- C. S. North, B. Pfefferbaum, P. Narayanan et al., “Comparison of post-disaster psychiatric disorders after terrorist bombings in Nairobi and Oklahoma City,” British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 186, pp. 487–493, 2005.
- M. Maes, L. Delmeire, C. Schotte et al., “Epidemiologic and phenomenological aspects of post-traumatic stress disorder: DSM-III-R diagnosis and diagnostic criteria not validated,” Psychiatry Research, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 179–193, 1998.
- C. S. North, A. Kawasaki, E. L. Spitznagel, and B. A. Hong, “The course of PTSD, major depression, substance abuse, and somatization after a natural disaster,” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 192, no. 12, pp. 823–829, 2004.
- N. Breslau, B. A. Reboussin, J. C. Anthony, and C. L. Storr, “The structure of posttraumatic stress disorder: latent class analysis in 2 community samples,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 62, no. 12, pp. 1343–1351, 2005.
- A. Ehlers, R. A. Mayou, and B. Bryant, “Psychological predictors of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder after motor vehicle accidents,” Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 508–519, 1998.
- D. Cicchetti and S. L. Toth, “The past achievements and future promises of developmental psychopathology: the coming of age of a discipline,” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, vol. 50, no. 1-2, pp. 16–25, 2009.
- C. R. Cloninger, A. H. Zohar, S. Hirschmann, and D. Dahan, “The psychological costs and benefits of being highly persistent: personality profiles distinguish mood disorders from anxiety disorders,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 136, pp. 758–766, 2012.