Table 1: Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with bipolar disorder ( ) or schizophrenia ( ).

VariableBipolar disorder
(%) or mean ± SD
Schizophrenia
(%) or mean ± SD
Test value

Gender (male)34 (59.6)24 (61.5) = 0.0350.853
Age33.6 ± 12.440.4 ± 11.0 0.007**
Number of previous episodes2.9 ± 2.44.6 ± 6.6 0.445
Education level = 13.3830.063
 Elementary school11 (19.3)5 (12.8)
 Middle school24 (42.1)7 (17.9)
 High school11 (19.3)9 (23.1)
 Graduate school10 (17.5)12 (30.8)
 University1 (1.80)6 (15.4)
Marital status = 7.8910.005**
 Married20 (35.7)4 (10.3)
 Not married36 (64.3)35 (89.7)
Working status = 2.5940.107
 Employed9 (15.8)2 (5.1)
 Not employed48 (84.2)37 (94.9)
CGI4.59 (1.2)4.77 (1.0) 0.443
GAF31.36 (12.1)27.05 (9.7) 0.07

CGI: Clinical Global Impression score.
GAF: Global Assessment of Functioning score.