Table 1: Systematic review on depression and religiosity/spirituality (1962–2010).

Observational studies
Cross-sectionalProspectiveClinical trials
Total (column)
FindingsN (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)

Inverse (−)/improved214 (62)39 (56)19 (63)272 (61)
Positive (+)/worse19 ( 6)7 (10)2 (7)28 (6)
Mixed or no association111 (32)24 (34)9 (30)144 (32)

Total N 344 (100)70 (100)30 (100)444 (100)