Table 1: Gender-specific odds of depression for those with migraine versus those without.

VariablesWomen ( = 36,176)Men ( = 30,544)
Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 1Model 2Model 3
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI

Has migraine headaches
 No1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent
 Yes2.17(1.97, 2.40)2.17(1.96, 2.40)1.89(1.71, 2.10)2.49(2.10, 2.95)2.46(2.07, 2.91)2.02(1.70, 2.41)
Demographics
Age
 <304.07(3.31, 5.01)4.29(3.46, 5.31)6.86(5.50, 8.57)2.82(2.10, 3.79)2.25(1.65, 3.07)3.83(2.79, 5.25)
 30–493.46(2.82, 4.26)4.63(3.73, 5.74)6.67(5.35, 8.31)3.80(2.85, 5.06)4.32(3.22, 5.80)6.27(4.65, 8.45)
 50–642.71(2.18, 3.37)3.50(2.80, 4.37)4.34(3.47, 5.44)2.39(1.76, 3.24)2.75(2.02, 3.74)3.28(2.41, 4.48)
 65+1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent
Race
 White1.10(0.96, 1.25)1.14(1.00, 1.29)1.12(0.99, 1.28)1.25(1.04, 1.49)1.32(1.11, 1.58)1.24(1.03, 1.49)
 Visible minority1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent
Adult SES and Marital Status
Household income
 Missing0.84(0.73, 0.97)0.82(0.72, 0.95)0.94(0.78, 1.15)0.92(0.75, 1.12)
 0–29,9991.56(1.39, 1.74)1.38(1.23, 1.54)1.85(1.60, 2.15)1.61(1.38, 1.87)
 30,000 or more1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent
Education
 ≤High school degree0.96(0.87, 1.05)0.93(0.84, 1.02)0.88(0.78, 1.00)0.82(0.72, 0.93)
 Postsecondary degree1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent
Marital status
 Not married1.73(1.57, 1.91)1.68(1.52, 1.86)2.10(1.84, 2.40)2.08(1.82, 2.38)
 Married1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent
Disability
Has difficulty with activities
 Sometimes2.11(1.87, 2.38)2.80(2.41, 3.26)
 Often 3.14(2.75, 3.58)3.58(3.04, 4.23)
 Never1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent
ADL
 No 1.00Referent1.00Referent1.00Referent
 Yes2.02(1.55, 2.64)2.29(1.65, 3.20)

ADL = Activities of daily living.