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Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 409538, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/409538
Clinical Study

Depression in the Spousally Bereaved Elderly: Correlations with Subjective Sleep Measures

1Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
2University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3550 Terrace Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA

Received 3 August 2012; Accepted 21 February 2013

Academic Editor: Paul Linkowski

Copyright © 2013 Timothy H. Monk et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Complaints of poor sleep and symptoms of depression are likely to coexist in the spousally bereaved elderly. This study was concerned with the correlation between depressive symptoms and various measures of subjectively reported sleep using questionnaire and diary instruments in 38 bereaved seniors (60y+). Correlations between the sleep measures and days since loss and grief intensity were also calculated. All sleep disruption measures correlated significantly with depression score, but only sleep duration correlated with grief intensity, and no sleep measure correlated with days since loss. Therapies which address both sleep and depression are likely to be of benefit to bereaved seniors.