Table 1: Univariate odd ratios (ORs) for sociodemographic characteristic risk factors of postpartum depression.

FactorsResponses (%)OR (95% CI) value

Socioeconomic status (Iranian toman/month)Overall0.011
 Low (<400.000)45.72.45 (1.56–4.13)
 Moderate (401.000–600.000)45.31.77 (1.22–2.39)
 High (>601.000)9.01
Mothers' educational levelOverall0.009
 Illiterate1.51.29 (1.11–1.77)
 Primary (less than high school)56.51.17 (1.07–1.45)
 Diploma42.01.03 (0.77–1.42)
 University graduate21
Mothers' occupationOverall0.008
 Housekeeper86.31
 Employed13.72.01 (1.22–2.88)
Partners' occupation Overall0.212
 Unemployed39.61
 Employed60.41.03 (0.87–1.44)
Partners' ageOverall0.444
 <2532.11
 25–3535.91.15 (1.00–1.67)
 >3532.01.23 (1.03–1.73)