Table 1: Baseline characteristics and medical history in guidewire and conventional therapy groups.

CharacteristicsGuidewire group ( )Conventional group ( ) value

Female gender270 (49.5)105 (52.0)0.724
Age (Years) 0.065
Medical history
 Diabetes mellitus63 (11.5)20 (9.9)0.570
 Hypertension107 (19.6)31 (15.3)0.266
 Coronary artery disease51 (9.3)10 (5.0)0.070
 Cigarette smoking65 (11.9)26 (12.9)0.751
 Alcohol using16 (2.9)5 (2.5)0.745
 Opium addiction29 (5.3)11 (5.4)0.945
 Cholecystectomy198 (36.3)71 (35.1)0.846
 Previous ERCP63 (11.5)4 (2.0)<0.001
 Biliary stone74 (13.6)1 (0.5)<0.001
 Cirrhosis8 (1.5)3 (1.5)0.999

Data are presented as mean ± SD or number (percentage).