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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 3 (2006), Issue 3, Pages 303-308
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nel022
Review

Maggot Therapy: The Science and Implication for CAM Part II—Maggots Combat Infection

1School of Health Science, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
2Department of Biological Sciences, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
3Biosurgical Research Unit (SMTL), Princess of Wales Hospital, Coity Road, Bridgend CF31 1RQ, UK

Received 13 September 2005; Accepted 23 March 2006

Copyright © 2006 Yamni Nigam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Maggot therapy employs the use of freshly emerged, sterile larvae of the common green-bottle fly, Phaenicia (Lucilia) sericata, and is a form of artificially induced myiasis in a controlled clinical situation. Maggot therapy has the following three core beneficial effects on a wound: debridement, disinfection and enhanced healing. In part II of this review article, we discuss clinical infections and the evidence supporting the potent antibacterial action of maggot secretions. Enhancement of wound healing by maggots is discussed along with the future of this highly successful, often controversial, alternative treatment.