- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 985243, 14 pages
Medical Student Attitudes toward Complementary, Alternative and Integrative Medicine
1Center for East-West Medicine, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
2School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
3Yale Law School, New Haven, CT, USA
4Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
5RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA
6Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
7Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
8Division of Medical Education, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
9Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, CA, USA
10Department of Pharmacology, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
Received 21 January 2009; Accepted 26 October 2009
Copyright © 2011 Ryan B. Abbott et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- P. M. Barnes, B. Bloom, and R. L. Nahin, “Complementary and alternativemedicine use among adults and children: United States, 2007,” National health statistics reports 12, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, Md, USA, 2008.
- I. R. Bell, O. Caspi, G. E. Schwartz, et al., “Integrative medicine and systematic outcomes research: issues in the emergence of a new model for primary health care,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 162, pp. 133–140, 2002.
- P. M. Barnes, E. Powell-Griner, K. McFann, and R. L. Nahin, “Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults: United States, 2002,” Advance Data, vol. 343, pp. 1–19, 2004.
- M. S. Goldstein, Alternative Health Care: Medicine, Miracle or Mirage?Temple University Press, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1999.
- R. Snyderman and A. T. Weil, “Integrative medicine: bringing medicine back to its roots,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 162, no. 4, pp. 395–397, 2002.
- D. Lie and J. Boker, “Development and validation of the CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ) and CAM use and attitudes amongst medical students,” BMC Medical Education, vol. 4, article 1, pp. 1–9, 2004.
- K. Patel, “Physicians for the 21st century: challenges facing medical education in the United States,” Evaluation and the Health Professions, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 379–398, 1999.
- E. Ben-Arye, M. Frenkel, A. Klein, and M. Scharf, “Attitudes toward integration of complementary and alternative medicine in primary care: perspectives of patients, physicians and complementary practitioners,” Patient Education and Counseling, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 395–402, 2008.
- J. A. Astin, K. Soeken, V. S. Sierpina, and B. R. Clarridge, “Barriers to the integration of psychosocial factors in medicine: results of a national survey of physicians,” Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 557–565, 2006.
- C. Zollman and A. Vickers, “What is complementary medicine?” BMJ British Medical Journal, vol. 319, pp. 693–696, 1999.
- J. A. Jonassen, M. P. Pugnaire, K. Mazor et al., “The effect of a domestic violence interclerkship on the knowledge, attitudes, and skills of third-year medical students,” Academic Medicine, vol. 74, no. 7, pp. 821–828, 1999.
- K. Muünstedt, H. Harren, R. von Georgi, and A. Hackethal, “Complementaryand alternative medicine: comparison of current knowledge,attitudes and interest among German medical students and doctors,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. In press.
- K. A. Greiner, J. L. Murray, and K. J. Kallail, “Medical student interest in alternative medicine,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 231–234, 2000.
- B. Bhattacharya, “Programs in the United States with complementary and alternative medicine education opportunities: an ongoing listing,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 77–90, 2000.
- H. Rampes, F. Sharples, S. Maragh, and P. Fisher, “Introducing complementary medicine into the medical curriculum,” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 19–22, 1997.
- S. M. Greenfield, M. A. Innes, T. F. Allan, and A. M. Wearn, “First year medical students' perceptions and use of complementary and alternative medicine,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 27–32, 2002.
- A. Furnham and C. McGill, “Medical students' attitudes about complementary and alternative medicine,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 9, pp. 275–284, 2003.
- W. Andritzky, “Medical students and alternative medicine–a survey,” Gesundheitswesen, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 345–348, 1995.
- H. Haltenhof, B. Hesse, and K. E. Buehler, “Evaluation and prevalence of complementary methods: a survey,” Gesundheitswesen, vol. 57, pp. 192–195, 1995.
- A. Falkenbach, E. Blumenthal, and M. Bühring, “Course in massage therapy for medical students,” Medical Education, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 514–516, 1998.
- M. Oberbaum, N. Notzer, R. Abramowitz, and D. Branski, “Attitude of medical students to the introduction of complementary medicine into the medical curriculum in Israel,” The Israel Medical Association Journal, vol. 5, pp. 139–142, 2003.
- T. Sahar and S. Sallon, “Attitudes and exposure of Israeli medical students to complementary medicine: a survey,” Harefuah, vol. 140, pp. 907–910, 2001.
- I. Hopper and M. Cohen, “Complementary therapies and the medical profession: a study of medical students' attitudes,” Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 68–73, 1998.
- E. K. L. Hon, K. Lee, H. M. Tse et al., “A survey of attitudes to traditional Chinese medicine in Hong Kong pharmacy students,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 51–56, 2004.
- A. H. MacLennan, D. H. Wilson, and A. W. Taylor, “Prevalence and cost of alternative medicine in Australia,” Lancet, vol. 347, no. 9001, pp. 569–573, 1996.
- M. Kelner and B. Wellman, “Health care and consumer choice: medical and alternative therapies,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 203–212, 1997.
- J. A. Astin, “Why patients use alternative medicine: results of a national study,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 279, no. 19, pp. 1548–1553, 1998.
- C. D. Schneider, P. M. Meek, and I. R. Bell, “Development and validation of IMAQ: integrative medicine attitude questionnaire,” BMC Medical Education, vol. 3, article 1, pp. 1–7, 2003.
- K. Schmidt, C. Rees, S. Greenfield et al., “Multischool, international survey of medical students' attitudes toward "holism",” Academic Medicine, vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 955–963, 2005.
- D. Desylvia, M. Stuber, C. C. Fung, S. Bazargan-Hejazi, and E. Cooper, “The knowledge, attitudes and usage of complementary and alternative medicine of medical students,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. In press.
- J. Barnette, “Effects of stem and likert response option reversals on survey internal consistency: if you feel the need, there is a better alternative to using those negatively worded stems,” Educational and Psychological Measurement, vol. 60, pp. 361–370, 2000.
- T. J. Steward and A. W. Frye, “Investigating the use of negatively phrased survey items in medical education settings: common wisdom or common mistake?” Academic Medicine, vol. 79, pp. S18–S20, 2004.
- A. W. Frye, V. S. Sierpina, E. V. Boisaubin, and R. J. Bulik, “Measuring what medical students think about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM): a pilot study of the complementary and alternative medicine survey,” Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice, vol. 11, pp. 19–32, 2006.
- J. Baugniet, H. Boon, and T. Østbye, “Complementary/alternative medicine: comparing the views of medical students with students in other health care professions,” Family Medicine, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 178–184, 2000.
- National Institutes of Health, “NIH Policy on Reporting Raceand Ethnicity Data: Subjects in Clinical Research. Notice: NOTOD-01-053,” August 2001, http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-01-053.html.
- Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), AAMC Data Book, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC, USA, 2007.
- Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), “Data Warehouse: Applicant Matriculant File,” November 2007, http://www.aamc.org/data/facts/archive/famg122001a.htm.
- Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), “Medical School Graduation Questionnaire Final All Schools Report,” Tech. Rep., November 2007, http://www.aamc.org/data/gq/allschoolsreports/2006.pdf.
- M. Dutoit and S. Dutoit, Interactive LISREL: User's Guide, Scientific Software International, Lincolnwood, Ill, USA, 1993.
- K. G. Jöreskog and D. Sörbom, LISREL8: Structural Equation Modeling with the SIMPLIS Command Language, Scientific Software International, Lincolnwood, Ill, USA, 1993.
- R. Czaja and J. Blair, Designing Surveys: A Guide to Decisions and Procedures, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 2005.
- N. Maha and A. Shaw, “Academic doctors' views of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and its role within the NHS: an exploratory qualitative study,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 7, article 17, 2007.
- D. L. Wahner-Roedler, A. Vincent, P. L. Elkin, L. L. Loehrer, S. S. Cha, and B. A. Bauer, “Physicians' attitudes toward complementary and alternative medicine and their knowledge of specific therapies: a survey at an academic medical center,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 3, pp. 495–501, 2006.
- J. A. Astin, V. S. Sierpina, K. Forys, and B. Clarridge, “Integration of the biopsychosocial model: perspectives of medical students and residents,” Academic Medicine, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 20–27, 2008.
- F. T. Leong and J. T. Austin, The Psychology Research Handbook, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 2006.
- D. M. Marcus, “How should alternative medicine be taught to medical students and physicians?” Academic Medicine, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 224–229, 2001.
- A. B. Barbour, Caring for Patients: A Critique of the Medical Model, Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif, USA, 1995.
- Institute of Medicine of the National Academies (IOM), Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the United States, National Academies Press, Washington, DC, USA, 2005.
- D. M. Eisenberg, R. C. Kessler, C. Foster, F. E. Norlock, D. R. Calkins, and T. L. Delbanco, “Unconventional medicine in the United States—revalence, costs, and patterns of use,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 328, no. 4, pp. 246–252, 1993.
- R. B. Abbott, “The Beijing Declaration—A Milestone for Traditional Medicine,” ICTSD-Bridges, vol. 13, no. 1, 2009.
- American Medical Association Council on Medical Education, Encouraging Medical Student Education in Complementary Health Care Practices, American Medical Association, Chicago, Ill, USA, 1997.
- M. S. Wetzel, D. M. Eisenberg, and T. J. Kaptchuk, “Courses involving complementary and alternative medicine at US medical schools,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 280, no. 9, pp. 784–787, 1998.
- J. Ghassemi, “Finding the evidence in CAM: a student's perspective,” Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 395–397, 2005.
- A. R. Nedrow, M. Heitkemper, M. Frenkel, D. Mann, P. Wayne, and E. Hughes, “Collaborations between allopathic and complementary and alternative medicine health professionals: four initiatives,” Academic Medicine, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 962–966, 2007.
- M. Y. Lee, R. Benn, L. Wimsatt et al., “Integrating complementary and alternative medicine instruction into health professions education: organizational and instructional strategies,” Academic Medicine, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 939–945, 2007.
- N. J. Pearson and M. A. Chesney, “The CAM Education Program of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: an overview,” Academic Medicine, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 921–926, 2007.
- W. Elder, D. Rakel, M. Heitkemper et al., “Using complementary and alternative medicine curricular elements to foster medical student self-awareness,” Academic Medicine, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 951–955, 2007.
- V. S. Sierpina, R. Schneeweiss, M. A. Frenkel, R. Bulik, and J. Maypole, “Barriers, strategies, and lessons learned from complementary and alternative medicine curricular initiatives,” Academic Medicine, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 946–950, 2007.
- T. D. Stratton, R. K. Benn, D. A. Lie, J. M. Zeller, and A. R. Nedrow, “Evaluating CAM education in health professions programs,” Academic Medicine, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 956–961, 2007.
- K.-K. Hui, L. Zylowska, E. K. Hui, J. L. Yu, and J. J. Li, “Introducing integrative East-West medicine to medical students and residents,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 507–515, 2002.