Table 4: Dosing of yoga: (a) studies from the Western World.  (b) Studies from Asia.
(a)

West [U.S., Europe, Australia, Brazil, Turkey]
Back painOther painCVDCancer

Durations (weeks)TotalPercentage
11 (Kovacic 2011)14%
41 (Kuttner 2007—IBS)1 (Ulger 2010)27%
61 (Galantino 04)2 (Evans 2011—IBS,
Evans 2011—rheumatoid arthritis)
311%
72 (Cohen 2004, Culos-Reed 2006)27%
83 (Carson 2011—fibromyalgia, da Silva 2007—fibromyalgia, and Garfinkel 1998—carpal tunnel)2 (Pullen 2008, van Montfrans 1990)2 (Banasik 2011, Carson 2009)725%
8–101 (Pullen 2010)14%
101 (Cheema 2011)14%
126 (Jacobs 04, Sherman 05, Saper 09, Cox 10, Tilbrook 11, and Sherman 11)2 (Galantino 2012, Moadal 2007)829%
161 (Williams 05)14%
201 (Cade 2010)14%
241 (Williams 09)14%

Classes/weekTotalPercentage

1 hour total, then at home1 (Kuttner 2007—IBS)14%
15 (Sherman 05, Saper 09, Cox 10, Tilbrook 11, andSherman 11)2 (Carson 2011—fibromyalgia, da Silva 2007—fibromyalgia)1 (van Montfrans 1990)4 (Carson 2009, Cohen 2004, Culos-Reed 2006, and Moadal 2007)1243%
24 (Galantino 04, Jacobs 04, Williams 05, Williams 09)3 (Evans 2011—IBS, Evans 2011—rheumatoid arthritis, and Garfinkel 1998—carpal tunnel)2 (Pullen 2008, Pullen 2010)2 (Banasik 2011, Ulger 2010)1139%
2-31 (Cade 2010)14%
31 (Cheema 2011)14%
71 (Kovacic 2011)14%
Varies1 (Galantino 2012)14%

Length of single class (min.)
TotalPercentage

451 (Kovacic 2011)14%
501 (da Silva 2007—fibromyalgia)1 (Cheema 2011)27%
601 (Galantino 04)1 (Kuttner 2007—IBS)3 (Cade 2010, Pullen 2010, van Montfrans 1990)1 (Ulger 2010)621%
60–901 (Garfinkel 1998—carpal tunnel)14%
701 (Pullen 2008)14%
711 (Galantino 2012)14%
755 (Sherman 05, Saper 09, Cox 10, Tilbrook 11, and Sherman 11)1 (Culos-Reed 2006)621%
903 (Jacobs 04, Williams 05, and Williams 09)2 (Evans 2011—IBS, Evans 2011—rheumatoid arthritis)2 (Banasik 2011, Moadal 2007)725%
1201 (Carson 2011—fibromyalgia)1 (Carson 2009)27%
Not stated1 (Cohen 2004)14%

Total hours of classes
TotalPercentage

11 (Kuttner 2007—IBS)14%
6.671 (da Silva 2007—fibromyalgia)14%
71 (Kovacic 2011)14%
81 (van Montfrans 1990)1 (Ulger 2010)27%
8.751 (Culos-Reed 2006)14%
121 (Galantino 04)14%
155 (Sherman 05, Saper 09, Cox 10, Tilbrook 11, and Sherman 11)518%
161 (Carson 2011—fibromyalgia)1 (Pullen 2010)1 (Carson 2009)311%
16–181 (Garfinkel 1998—carpal tunnel)14%
182 (Evans 2011—IBS, Evans 2011—rheumatoid arthritis)1 (Moadal 2007)311%
18.671 (Pullen 2008)14%
21.31 (Galantino 2012)14%
241 (Banasik 2011)14%
251 (Cheema 2011)14%
261 (Jacobs 04)14%
40–601 (Cade 2010)14%
481 (Williams 05)14%
721 (Williams 09)14%
Not stated1 (Cohen 2004)14%

Home practice (any recommended)
TotalPercentage

Yes9 (Galantino 04, Jacobs 04, Williams 05, Sherman 04, Williams 09, Saper 09, Cox 10, Tilbrook 11, and Sherman 11)4 (Carson 2011—fibromyalgia, Evans 2011—IBS, Evans 2011—rheumatoid arthritis, and Kuttner 2007—IBS)3 (Cade 2010, Pullen 2010, and van Montfrans 1990)4 (Carson 2009, Cohen 2004, Galantino 2012, and Kovacic 2011)2071%
No2 (da Silva 2007—fibromyalgia, Garfinkel 1998—carpal tunnel)2 (Cheema 2011, Pullen 2008)4 (Banasik 2011, Culos-Reed 2006, Moadal 2007, and Ulger 2010)829%

(b)

Asia [India, Thailand]
Back painOther painCVDCancer

Durations (weeks)TotalPercentage

11 (Tekur 2008)17%
33 (Datey 1969, Murthy 2011, and Selvamurthy 1998)320%
62 (Banerjee 2007, Vadiraja 2009)213%
6+1 (Rao 2008)17%
81 (Telles 2009—musculoskeletal hand discomfort)2 (Agte 2011, McCaffrey 2005)320%
91 (Patel 1976)17%
121 (John 2007—migraine)17%
241 (Pal 2011)17%
52 (1 year)1 (Yogendra 2004)17%
Varies1 (Raghavendra 2007)17%

Classes/weekTotalPercentage

32 (McCaffrey 2005, Patel 1976)1 (Vadiraja 2009)320%
52 (Telles 2009—musculoskeletal hand discomfort), John 2007 (migraine))1 (Pal 2011)320%
71 (Tekur 2008)   1 (Selvamurthy 1998)1 (Raghavendra 2007)320%
Varies   1 (Yogendra 2004)1 (Rao 2008)213%
Not stated3 (Agte 2011, Datey 1969, and Murthy 2011)1 (Banerjee 2007)427%

Length of each class (min.)
TotalPercentage

304 (Datey 1969, Murthy 2011, Patel 1976, and Selvamurthy 1998)427%
35–401 (Pal 2011)17%
602 (John 2007—migraine, Telles 2009—musculoskeletal hand discomfort)3 (Raghavendra 2007, Rao 2008, and Vadiraja 2009)533%
631 (McCaffrey 2005)17%
901 (Banerjee 2007)17%
Not stated1 (Tekur 2008) —retreat with 9 hours of yoga/day2 (Agte 2011, Yogendra 2004)320%

Total hours of classes
TotalPercentage

10.51 (Selvamurthy 1998)17%
13.51 (Patel 1976)17%
181 (Vadiraja 2009)17%
18+1 (Rao 2008)17%
25.21 (McCaffrey 2005)17%
401 (Telles 2009—musculoskeletal hand discomfort)17%
561 (Tekur 2008)17%
601 (John 2007—migraine)17%
70–801 (Pal 2011)17%
Not stated4 (Agte 2011, Datey 1969, Murthy 2011, and Yogendra 2004)2 (Banerjee 2007, Raghavendra 2007)640%

Home practiceTotalPercentage

Yes1 (John 2007—migraine)2 (Agte 2011, Yogendra 2004)3 (Raghavendra 2007, Rao 2008, and Vadiraja 2009)640%
No1 (Tekur 2008)1 (Telles 2009—musculoskeletal hand discomfort)6 (Datey 1969, McCaffrey 2005, Murthy 2011, Patel 1976, Pal 2011, and Selvamurthy 1998) 1 (Banerjee 2007)960%