Table 2: Patient characteristics at baseline.

All patientsMatched patients
BalneotherapyUsual
care
BalneotherapyUsual
care

Gender, (%)0.541.0
 Male23 (19.2%) 31 (22.6%)11 (15.7%)11 (15.7%)
 Female97 (80.8%)106 (77.4%)59 (84.3%)59 (84.3%)
Age—years, mean ± SD51.3 ± 11.550.5 ± 10.90.5452.1 ± 11.351.9 ± 10.80.90
Married or living with a partner, (%)78 (65.0%)99 (72.3%)0.2342 (60.0%)48 (68.6%)0.38
Number of children, (%)0.830.84
 None22 (18.3%)28 (20.4%)16 (22.8%)13 (18.6%)
 One23 (19.2%)22 (16.1%)13 (18.6%)13 (18.6%)
 ≥275 (62.5%)87 (63.5%)41 (58.6%)44 (62.8%)
Living in town ≥ 100.000 population, (%)23 (19.2%)37 (27.0%)0.1413 (18.6%)17 (24.3%)0.54
BMI—kg/m2, mean ± SD31.3 ± 2.731.2 ± 2.50.7631.4 ± 2.831.3 ± 2.60.75
Weight status, (%)0.701.0
 Overweight 75 (62.5%)82 (59.9%)42 (60.0%)42 (60.0%)
 Obese45 (37.5%)55 (40.1%)28 (40.0%)28 (40.0%)
Fat mass > 35%, (%)64 (53.3%)61 (44.5%)0.1738 (54.3%)40 (57.1%)0.87
Waistline measurement >100 cm, (%)73 (60.8%)86 (62.8%)0.8046 (65.7%)45 (64.3%)1.0
Paternal history of obesity, (%)46 (38.3%)44 (32.1%)0.3624 (34.3%)28 (40.0%)0.60
Maternal history of obesity, (%)59 (49.2%)58 (42.3%)0.3234 (48.6%)32 (45.7%)0.87
Sibship history obesity, (%)40 (33.3%)45 (32.9%)1.025 (35.7%)25 (35.7%)1.0
Diabetic, (%)14 (10.2%)6 (5.0%)0.168 (11.4%)4 (5.7%)0.37
Current smoker, (%)12 (11.7%)21 (15.3%)0.267 (10.0%)9 (12.9%)0.79
Regular alcohol consumption, (%)29 (24.2%)34 (24.8%)1.017 (24.3%)11 (15.7%)0.29
Regular physical activities, (%)23 (19.2%)28 (20.4%)0.8814 (20.0%)11 (15.7%)0.66
SBP ≥ 130 mmHg, (%)81 (67.5%)70 (51.1%)<0.0144 (62.9%)44 (62.9%)1.0
DBP ≥ 80 mmHg, (%)75 (62.5%)70 (51.1%)0.0844 (62.9%)41 (58.6%)0.73
Pulse ≥ 70 beats per minute65 (54.2%)53 (38.7%)0.0236 (51.4%)32 (45.7%)0.61
SF12 mental score, mean ± SD59.3 ± 1.159.4 ± 1.10.4459.4 ± 1.159.2 ± 1.10.26
SF12 physical score, mean ± SD44.6 ± 9.846.5 ± 9.20.1644.0 ± 10.446.5 ± 9.80.18