Table 4: Effects of trigonelline on SOD activity and malonaldehyde content in serum.

GroupSOD (U/mL)Malonaldehyde (nmol/mL)

Control124.04 ± 4.464.19 ± 0.78
Diabetes83.94 ± 3.31*6.07 ± 0.97*
Diabetes + trigonelline115.30 ± 7.87#4.57 ± 0.95#
Diabetes + sitagliptin97.99 ± 4.955.91 ± 1.41

Data are given as mean ± SD, n = 10. *P < 0.01, compared with control rats; #P < 0.01, compared with diabetes rats.