Table 2: Level of action and observed effects of yoga interventions.

Specific effectsUnspecific effects

CognitionContemplative states; Mindfulness; Self-identity; Self-efficacy; Beliefs; ExpectationsControl of attentional networks
EmotionsEmotional control/regulationQuality of Life
PhysiologyVagal afferent activity; Heart rate/Respiratory; Relaxation response/Stress reductionSocial contacts
Physical bodyPhysical flexibility, Fitness/Endurance Healthy life style

Specific and unspecific effects are often interconnected.