Table 3: Survey of nine pharmacological studies based on folk knowledge of medicinal animals. *While the listed activity was detected, there is no indication that the compound is popularly used for this purpose.

OrderFamilySpeciesPopular nameDetected activitiesReference

ArtiodactylaCamelidaeCamelus dromedariusDromedaryCytotoxicity[53]
CarnivoraUrsidaeUrsus thibetanusBearAnti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, analgesic[54]
CarnivoraUrsidaeUrsus arctosBearAnti-hepatitis C[55]
GalliformesPhasianidaePavo cristatusPeacockAnti-snake venom[56]
HaplotaxidaMegascolecidae andLampito mauritiiEarthwormAnti-inflammatory, antipyretic[57]
IsopteraTermitidaeOdontotermes formosanusTermiteAntimicrobial[58]
IsopteraTermitidaeNasutitermes cornigerTermiteAntimicrobial[59, 60]
PerissodactylaRhinocerotidaeDiceros bicornisRhinoAntipyretic[61, 62]
SquamataTeiidaeTupinambis merianaeTeguAnti-inflammatory, antimicrobial[63, 64]