Table 1: Characteristics of baseline, diagnosis, intervention, and outcomes in included studies.

Author, yearNo. of patients (T/C)Baseline characteristics of treatment and control groupsInterventionCAD diagnostic guidelinesPCI typeTreatment course (mos)Followup
(mos)
Outcomes
Control Treatment

An et al. 2009
[41]
100 (60/40) Similar in age and sex between the two groups (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Yi qi hua yu fangAGStent33Restenosis
Bao et al. 2005 [42]76 (32/44)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, smoking, lesion distribution, stent numberRWMRWM plus Ge gen shu tabletAGStent36Restenosis
Chen et al. 2005 [43]80 (40/40)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, smoking, lesion numberRWM RWM plus Lei gong teng glycosidesAGStent66Restenosis, repeat intervention, MLD
Chen et al. 2005 [44]86 (43/43)Age, sex, CAD classification, results and characteristics of AG before PCIRWMRWM plus Dan shen injectionAGStent16Restenosis, death, recurrent angina, AMI
Chu et al. 2009 [45]57 (28/29)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, course of CAD, BMI, blockage numberRWM plus placeboRWM plus Xue fu zhu yu capsuleAGStent11Quality of life
Cui et al. 2010 [46]97 (51/46)Age, sex, CAD classification, comorbidities, lesion number, stent numberRWMRWM plus Liang xue shen ji fangAGStent26Restenosis, death, recurrent angina, CABG, repeat PCI
Dan 2009 [47]120 (60/60)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, CAD classification, stent typeRWMRWM plus Wen yang huo xue fangAGPTCA or stent312Recurrent angina and accompanying symptoms
Ding et al. 2007 [48]55 (26/29) Average age, sex, lesions, stent (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Xue zhi kang capsuleAGStent66Restenosis
Feng et al. 2006 [49]61 (30/31)Similar in baseline information between the two groups (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Tong xin fangAGPTCA66Restenosis, MLD
Fu 2009 [50]80 (40/40) Lesion characteristics and degree, stent type (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Fu fang dan shen pillAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, AMI, repeat intervention, CABG
Gu et al. 2007
[51]
60 (30/30)Age, sex, complications, lesion number and type, stent typeRWMRWM plus Xue fu zhu yu pillAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina
Guo et al. 2009 [52]80 (40/40)Age, sex, complications, lesion numberRWMRWM plus Dan shen tabletAGDES66Restenosis, death, CABG, repeat PCI
Han 2008
[53]
60 (30/30)Age, sex, patient characteristics, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, lesion characteristicsRWMRWM plus Xue sai tong capsuleAGStent33Recurrent angina
He et al. 2010
[54]
120 (60/60)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, course of CAD, lesion characteristicsRWMRWM plus Guan tong fangAGBMS56Restenosis, recurrent angina, MLD, LLS, NG, LANG
Kai et al. 2008
[55]
72 (36/36)Age, sex, CAD characteristics, lesion characteristics (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Tong xin luo capsuleAGStent66Restenosis, LLS, NG, LANG
Li et al. 2004
[56]
57 (37/20)Age, sex, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, smoking, lesion distribution and characteristicsRWMRWM plus Shu xue tong injectionAGStent16Recurrent angina, MLD, LLS, NG
Li et al. 2010
[57]
80 (42/38)Age, sex, lesion characteristics and degree, stent type (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Fu fang dan shen pillAGStent66Recurrent angina, MI, repeat PCI, CABG
Li et al. 2005
[58]
52 (26/26)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, lesion numberRWMRWM plus Tong guan capsuleAGPTCA or stent36Clinical effect of AP
Li et al. 2006
[59]
80 (40/40)Age, hypertension, diabetes, lesion number and siteRWMRWM plus Shi ni decoctionAGStent66Restenosis, repeat intervention, MLD
Li et al. 2008
[60]
121 (61/60)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, lesion number and lsiteRWMRWM plus Tong mai yi xin pillAGPTCA66Restenosis, recurrent angina
Li et al. 2004
[61]
70 (36/34)Age, sex, complications, lesion number (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Xing mai fu tong decoctionMeeting guideStent36Restenosis
Li 2009 [62]151 (76/75)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, lesion characteristicsRWMRWM plus Tong mai yi xin pillAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina
Li and Niu 2008
[63]
59 (36/33)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, lesion number and degree of blockageRWMRWM plus Jiang lian he jiAGPTCA36Restenosis, recurrent angina
Liu et al.2002
[64]
75 (30/45)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, lesion number and degree of blockageRWMRWM plus Lei gong teng glycosidesAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, MACE, MLD, LLS, NG, LANG
Liu et al. 2004
[65]
165 (63/102)Age, sex, hyperlipidemia, diabetes,, lesion number and characteristicsRWMRWM plus Chuan qiong qingAGPTCA or stent66Restenosis, death
Liu et al. 2007
[66]
60 (30/30) Sex, hypertension, diabetesRWMRWM plus Yi qi huo xue fangAGPTCA66Recurrent angina
Lu et al. 2006
[67]
124 (62/62)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, lesion number, location and degree of stenosis, stent numberRWMRWM plus Xiong shao capsuleAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, AMI, CABG, MLD
Ma et al. 2009 [68]92 (50/42)Age, sex, complications, lesion number (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Guan mai zai tongMeeting guideStent33Restenosis
Niu et al. 2003 [69]36 (18/18)Baseline patient characteristics (narrative only), hypertension, diabetes, smoking, characteristics and degree of stenosisRWMRWM plus Xue yu tong he jiAGPTCA or stent66Restenosis, recurrent angina
Qi et al. 2003
[70]
50 (30/20)Baseline patient characteristics, lesion number and site (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Tong guan capsuleAGPTCA66Restenosis, recurrent angina
Qiao et al. 2006 [71]59 (30/29) Baseline patient characteristics, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, lesion number and degree of stenosisRWM plus placeboRWM plus Tong guan capsuleAGPTCA11Quality of life
Shi et al. 1997 [72]73 (35/38)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, lesion characteristicsRWMRWM plus Xue fu zhu yu pillAGPTCA66Restenosis, recurrent angina
Wang et al. 2009 [73]101 (54/47)Age, sex, course of CAD, degree of blockage, complicationsRWMRWM plus Yi qi huo xue formulaAGPTCA or stent33Angina symptoms
Wang et al. 2006 [74]92 (62/30)Age, sex, course of CAD (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Shan shen tong mai jiAGPTCA or stent11Angina symptoms
Wang et al. 2002 [75]44 (20/24)Baseline patient characteristics, CAD course, AG characteristics (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Shu xin yinAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, MI, MACE
Wang et al. 2003 [76]44 (20/24)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, AG characteristicsRWMRWM plus Bu xin yinAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, AMI, revascularization
Wang and Gao 2004 [77]94 (41/53)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, lesion number and typeRWMRWM plus Yi xin capsuleAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, AMI, revascularization,
Wang et al. 2010 [78]40 (20/20) Baseline characteristics similar (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Ku lie zhi injectionAGStent66Restenosis, death, AMI
Xiao et al. 2007 [79]132 (62/70)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, arrhythmia, stent numberRWMRWM plus Tong xin luoAGBMS66Restenosis, recurrent angina, death, AMI, MACE
Xu et al. 2000
[80]
65 (28/37)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, lesion number and siteRWMRWM plus Xiong shao capsuleAGPTCA or stent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, AMI
Xu et al. 2002
[40]
108 (53/55)Age, sex, CAD classificationRWMRWM plus Xiong shao capsuleAGPTCA or stent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, AMI, CABG, revascularization
Chen et al. 2006 [81]314 (157/157)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, lesion number and siteRWM plus placeboRWM plus Xiong shao capsuleAGPTCA or stent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, death, CABG
Yao et al. 2006 [82]76 (38/38)Age, sex, lesion number and siteRWMRWM plus Tong xin luoAGPTCA66Restenosis, recurrent angina, LLS, NG, LANG
Yu et al. 1998
[84]
84 (43/41) Baseline patient characteristics, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, lesion number and degree of blockageRWMRWM plus Xue fu zhu yu pillAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina and accompanying symptoms
Z. A. Yu and S. Y. Yu2006 [85]82 (42/40)Age, sex, course of CAD, lesion number and site and degree of blockageRWMRWM plus Dan shen tabletsAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, AMI, death
Yi et al. 2005
[83]
40 (20/20)Age, sex, lesion numbers and sites, history of hypertension and diabetesRWMRWM plus Guan tong jian jiAGPTCA or stent66Restenosis, recurrent angina
Zhang et al. 2007
[88]
63 (33/30)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, lesion site, angina,RWMRWM plus Shen mai gua lu shi xiao sanAGStent14Angina symptoms
Zhang et al. 2006 [87]500 (250/250)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, BMI, degree of blockage (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Wen tong jianAGPTCA or stent66Restenosis, recurrent angina
Zhao et al. 2009 [89]68 (35/33)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, stenosis and lesion diameter of vascular lesionRWMRWM plus Shen qi tangAGStent66Restenosis
Zheng et al. 2004 [86]66 (36/30)Baseline patient characteristics, lesion number and characteristics (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Fu fang dan shen pillAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, LLS, NG, LANG
Zhou and Guo 2007 [90]136 (70/66) Baseline patient characteristics, lesion characteristics and degree of blockage, stent type (narrative only)RWMRWM plus Tong xin luoAGStent66Restenosis, recurrent angina, AMI, CABG, repeat PCI
Zhu et al. 2009 [91]138 (70/68)Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlidemia, smoking, lesion number and degree of blockage, stent numberRWMRWM plus Dan hong tong mai capsuleAGDES66Restenosis, recurrent angina, death, AMI, MACE, CABG, repeat PCI

AG = angiography; BMI = body mass index; BMS = bare metal stent; CABG = coronary artery bypass graft; CAD = coronary artery disease; DES = drug eluting stent; LANG = lesion area net gain; LLL = late loss of lumen; MLD = minimum lumen diameter; NG = net gain in lumen diameter; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention; PTCA = percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; RWM = routine Western medicine; T/C = treatment/control; TCM = traditional Chinese medicine.