Table 5: Risk ratios of Chinese herbal medicines administered to prevent MACE after PCI.

Chinese herbal medicineNumber of studiesNumber of patientsRisk ratio (RR)95% CI of RR

Acute myocardial infarction
 Bu xin yin plus RWM versus RWM1 [76]440.240.01~4.69
 Dan hong tong mai capsule plus RWM versus RWM1 [91]1380.140.01~2.64
 Dan shen plus RWM versus RWM2 [44, 85]1680.140.02~1.11
 Fu fang dan shen pill plus RWM versus RWM2 [50, 57]1560.320.03~2.99
 Ku lie zi injection plus RWM versus RWM1 [78]400.330.01~7.72
 Shu xin yin plus RWM versus RWM1 [75]440.240.01~4.69
 Tong xin luo plus RWM versus RWM2 [79, 90]2680.250.03~2.22
 Xiong shao capsule plus RWM versus RWM2 [40, 80]1730.140.02~1.06
 Yi xin capsule plus RWM versus RWM1 [77]940.650.06~6.88
Overall (CHMs plus RWM versus RWM) 1311250.220.10~0.49
 Xiong shao capsule plus RWM versus RWM plus placebo2 [73]4260.590.08~4.41
Overall (CHMs plus RWM versus RWM plus placebo) 2 4260.590.08~4.41
Revascularization
 Shu xin yin plus RWM versus RWM1 [75]440.690.23~2.01
 Bu xin yin plus RWM versus RWM1 [76]440.690.23~2.01
 Yi xin capsule plus RWM versus RWM1 [77]940.430.02~10.26
 Xiong shao capsule plus RWM versus RWM1 [40]1080.620.30~1.30
Overall (CHMs plus RWM versus RWM) 42900.640.38~1.08
 Xiong shao capsule plus RWM versus RWM plus placebo2 [67, 81]4260.480.30~0.78
Overall (CHMs plus RWM versus RWM plus placebo) 2 4260.480.30~0.78
Repeat PCI
 Dan hong tong mai capsule plus RWM versus RWM1 [91]1380.390.08~1.94
 Dan shen plus RWM versus RWM1 [52]801.00.21~4.66
 Fu fang dan shen pill plus RWM versus RWM2 [50, 57]1560.140.03~0.58
 Ku lie zi injection plus RWM versus RWM1 [78]400.330.01~7.72
 Lei gong teng plus RWM versus RWM1 [43]800.560.20~1.51
 Liang xue shen ji formula plus RWM versus RWM1 [46]970.540.14~2.14
 Si ni tang plus RWM versus RWM1 [59]800.560.20~1.51
 Tong xin luo plus RWM versus RWM1 [90]1360.160.04~0.68
Overall (CHMs plus RWM versus RWM) 98070.370.23~0.59
CABG
 Dan hong tong mai capsule plus RWM versus RWM1 [91]1380.140.01~2.64
 Dan shen plus RWM versus RWM1 [52]80Notestimable
 Fu fang dan shen pill plus RWM versus RWM2 [50, 57]1560.320.03~2.99
 Liang xue sheng ji formula plus RWM versus RWM1 [46]970.300.01~7.22
 Tong xin luo plus RWM versus RWM1 [90]1360.190.01~3.86
 Xiong shao capsule plus RWM versus RWM1 [40]1081.040.07~16.2
Overall (CHMs plus RWM versus RWM) 77150.290.09~0.96
 Xiong shao capsule plus RWM versus RWM plus placebo2 [67, 81]4260.200.02~1.68
Overall (CHMs plus RWM versus RWM plus placebo) 2 4260.200.02~1.68

CABG = coronary artery bypass graft; CHM = Chinese herbal medicine; CI = confidence interval; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention; RWM = routine Western medicine; MACE = major adverse cardiac event.