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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 265486, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/265486
Research Article

Effects of Tai Chi versus Proprioception Exercise Program on Neuromuscular Function of the Ankle in Elderly People: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1College of Chinese Wushu, Shanghai University of Sport, Yangpu, Shanghai 200438, China
2Department of Sport Rehabilitation, Shanghai University of Sport, Yangpu, Shanghai 200438, China
3Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China
4Department of Sports Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China

Received 26 July 2012; Accepted 20 November 2012

Academic Editor: Annie Shirwaikar

Copyright © 2012 Jing Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Tai Chi is a traditional Chinese medicine exercise used for improving neuromuscular function. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Tai Chi versus proprioception exercise program on neuromuscular function of the ankle in elderly people. Methods. Sixty elderly subjects were randomly allocated into three groups of 20 subjects per group. For 16 consecutive weeks, subjects participated in Tai Chi, proprioception exercise, or no structured exercise. Primary outcome measures included joint position sense and muscle strength of ankle. Subjects completed a satisfaction questionnaire upon study completion in Tai Chi and proprioception groups. Results. (1) Both Tai Chi group and proprioception exercise group were significantly better than control group in joint position sense of ankle, and there were no significant differences in joint position sense of ankle between TC group and PE group. (2) There were no significant differences in muscle strength of ankle among groups. (3) Subjects expressed more satisfaction with Tai Chi than with proprioception exercise program. Conclusions. None of the outcome measures on neuromuscular function at the ankle showed significant change posttraining in the two structured exercise groups. However, the subjects expressed more interest in and satisfaction with Tai Chi than proprioception exercise.