About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 271462, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/271462
Research Article

Banxia Baizhu Tianma Decoction for Essential Hypertension: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

1Department of Cardiology, Guang′anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beixiange 5, Xicheng District, Beijing 100053, China
2Department of Gastroenterology, Guang′anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100053, China
3Graduate School, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
4Department of Endocrinology, Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Mentougou District, Beijing 102300, China
5Department of Cardiology, Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Beijing, Beijing 100010, China

Received 23 August 2012; Revised 16 November 2012; Accepted 22 November 2012

Academic Editor: MyeongSoo Lee

Copyright © 2012 Xingjiang Xiong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. V. Chobanian, G. L. Bakris, H. R. Black et al., “Seventh report of the joint national committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure,” Hypertension, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1206–1252, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. Krause, K. Lovibond, M. Caulfield, T. McCormack, B. Williams, and Guideline Development Group, “Management of hypertension: summary of NICE guidance,” British Medical Journal, vol. 343, Article ID d4891, 2011.
  3. K. J. Chen, K. K. Hui, M. S. Lee, and H. Xu, “The potential benefit of complementary/alternative medicine in cardiovascular diseases,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 125029, 1 pages, 2012.
  4. D. J. Su and L. F. Li, “Trends in the use of complementary and alternative medicine in the United States: 2002–2007,” Journal of Health Care For the Poor and Underserved, vol. 22, pp. 295–309, 2011.
  5. C. Hawk, H. Ndetan, and M. W. Evans, “Potential role of complementary and alternative health care providers in chronic disease prevention and health promotion: an analysis of National Health Interview Survey data,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 54, pp. 18–22, 2012.
  6. H. Xu and K. Chen, “Integrative medicine: the experience from China,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 3–7, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Xu and K. J. Chen, “Integrating traditional medicine with biomedicine towards a patient-centered healthcare system,” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 83–84, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. S. Moyer, “Weighing alternative remedies,” February, 2012, amednews.com, http://www.ama-assn.org/amednews/2012/02/20/prsa0220.htm.
  9. A. B. Luiz, I. Cordovil, J. Barbosa Filho, and A. S. A. Ferreira, “Zangfu zheng (patterns) are associated with clinical manifestations of zang shang (target-organ damage) in arterial hypertension,” Chinese Medicine, vol. 6, p. 23, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. Nahas, “Complementary and alternative medicine approaches to blood pressure reduction: an evidence-based review,” Canadian Family Physician, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 1529–1533, 2008. View at Scopus
  11. E. Ernst, “Complementary/alternative medicine for hypertension: a mini-review,” Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, vol. 123, pp. 386–391, 2005.
  12. J. Wang and X. J. Xiong, “Current situation and perspectives of clinical study in integrative medicine in China,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 268542, 11 pages, 2012.
  13. J. Wang, P. Q. Wang, and X. J. Xiong, “Current situation and re-understanding of syndrome and formula syndrome in Chinese medicine,” Internal Medicine. In press. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. H. Xu and K. J. Chen, “Making evidence-based decisions in the clinical practice of integrative medicine,” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 483–485, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. J. Chen and H. Xu, “The integration of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine,” European Review, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 225–235, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. Xu and K. J. Chen, “Complementary and alternative medicine: is it possible to be mainstream?” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 403–404, 2012.
  17. M. S. Lee, H. J. Lim, and M. S. Lee, “Impact of qigong exercise on self-efficacy and other cognitive perceptual variables in patients with essential hypertension,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 675–680, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. S. Lee, M. S. Lee, E. S. Choi, and H. T. Chung, “Effects of Qigong on blood pressure, blood pressure determinants and ventilatory function in middle-aged patients with essential hypertension,” American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 489–497, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. S. Lee, M. H. Pittler, R. E. Taylor-Piliae, and E. Ernst, “Tai chi for cardiovascular disease and its risk factors: a systematic review,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 1974–1975, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. I. Kim, J. Y. Choi, H. Lee, M. S. Lee, and E. Ernst, “Moxibustion for hypertension: a systematic review,” BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, vol. 10, article 33, 2010.
  21. M. S. Lee, T. Y. Choi, B. C. Shin, J. I. Kim, and S. S. Nam, “Cupping for hypertension: a systematic review,” Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 423–425, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. S. Lee, M. H. Pittler, R. Guo, and E. Ernst, “Qigong for hypertension: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 1525–1532, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. S. Lee, E. N. Lee, J. I. Kim, and E. Ernst, “Tai chi for lowering resting blood pressure in the elderly: a systematic review,” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 818–824, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Wang, K. W. Yao, X. C. Yang et al., “Chinese patent medicine liu wei di huang wan combined with antihypertensive drugs, a new integrative medicine therapy, for the treatment of essential hypertension: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 714805, 7 pages, 2012.
  25. J. Wang and X. J. Xiong, “Control strategy on hypertension in Chinese medicine,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 284847, 6 pages, 2012.
  26. G. W. Zhong, M. J. Chen, Y. H. Luo et al., “Effect of Chinese herbal medicine for calming Gan and suppressing hyperactive yang on arterial elasticity function and circadian rhythm of blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension,” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 414–420, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. Li, L. T. Liu, W. M. Zhao et al., “Effect of traditional and integrative regimens on quality of life and early renal impairment in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension,” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 216–221, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. A. Macklin, P. M. Wayne, L. A. Kalish et al., “Stop Hypertension with the Acupuncture Research Program (SHARP): results of a randomized, controlled clinical trial,” Hypertension, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 838–845, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. J. Li, Z. L. Lu, W. R. Kou et al., “Long-term effects of xuezhikang on blood pressure in hypertensive patients with previous myocardial infarction: data from the Chinese coronary secondary prevention study (CCSPS),” Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 491–498, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. D. D. Kim, F. A. Sanchez, R. G. Duran, T. Kanetaka, and W. N. Duran, “Endothelial nitric oxide synthase is a molecular vascular target for the Chinese herb Danshen in hypertension,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 292, pp. H2131–H2137, 2007.
  31. D. D. Kim, A. M. Pica, R. G. Durán, and W. N. Durán, “Acupuncture reduces experimental renovascular hypertension through mechanisms involving nitric oxide synthases,” Microcirculation, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 577–585, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. F. Ng, C. M. Koona, D. W. S. Cheung et al., “The anti-hypertensive effect of Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) and Gegen (Pueraria lobata) formula in rats and its underlying mechanisms of vasorelaxation,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 137, pp. 1366–1372, 2011.
  33. M. Ren, J. Zhang, B. Wang et al., “Qindan-capsule inhibits proliferation of adventitial fibroblasts and collagen synthesis,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 129, no. 1, pp. 53–58, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. Wang, Y. Chen, D. He et al., “Inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation by serum from rats treated orally with Gastrodia and Uncaria decoction, a traditional Chinese formulation,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 458–462, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. Y. Jiang, X. Z. Wang, S. S. Luo, X. Wang, K. Bian, and Y. Yan, “Effect of Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on the left ventricular hypertrophy of hypertrophied myocardium in spontaneously hypertensive rat,” Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 1061–1066, 2010.
  36. X. Z. Wang, J. Y. Jiang, S. S. Luo et al., “Effect of Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on the vascular endothelial function of spontaneous hypertensive rats,” Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 811–815, 2011.
  37. M. Q. Zhang, “Effect of modified Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on 38 cases of elderly patients with hypertension,” Shiyong Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Lin Chuang, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 19–20, 2010.
  38. Q. F. Wu, M. X. Wen, and D. H. Lan, “Effects of Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on salt sensitivity and blood lipid in hypertensive patients with abundant phlegm-dampness syndrome,” Fujian Yi Yao Za Zhi, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 146–148, 2007.
  39. Y. B. Li, M. Cui, Y. Yang et al., “Similarity of traditional Chinese medicine formula,” Zhong Hua Zhong Yi Yao Xue Kan, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 1096–1097, 2012.
  40. M. J. Zheng, “Effect of Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on 30 patients with hypertension,” Zhongguo Zhong Yi Yao Xian Dai Yuan Cheng Jiao Yu, vol. 9, no. 14, p. 33, 2011.
  41. Y. W. Xiong, “Clinical effect of the modified Banxia baizhu tianma decoction combining western medicine on 60 patients with phlegm-dampness type primary hypertension,” Zhongguo Zhong Yi Yao Xian Dai Yuan Cheng Jiao Yu, vol. 8, no. 13, pp. 67–68, 2010.
  42. L. Q. Chen, H. F. Yu, and W. Z. Wang, “Report of hypertension treated with Banxia baizhu tianma decoction and western medicine,” Gansu Zhong Yi, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1–3, 2005.
  43. J. T. Wang, “Effects of modified Banxia baizhu tianma decoction and captopril on essential hypertension with abundant phlegm-dampness syndrome,” Zhongguo Zhong Yi Ji Zhen, vol. 10, no. 6, p. 364, 2001.
  44. Q. F. Che, L. J. He, and J. Y. Xu, “Clinical effect of the modified Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on homocysteine in essential hypertension with abundant phlegm-dampness syndrome,” Liaoning Zhong Yi Za Zhi, vol. 1813-1814, no. 9, pp. 1–3, 2011.
  45. Z. X. Jin, “Clinical effect of Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on essential hypertension with abundant phlegm-dampness syndrome and blood uric acid metabolism,” Xin Zhong Yi, vol. 43, no. 11, pp. 5–6, 2011.
  46. L. Q. Chen, “The effects of Banxia baizhu tianma decoction and Zexie Decoction on bodymass index and depressurization of patient with hypertension type of accumulation of phlegm-damp in TCM,” Zhongguo Zhong Yi Ji Zhen, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 650–651, 2007.
  47. X. H. Guo, “Clinical effect of the modified Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on 48 patients with phlegm-dampness type hypertension,” Hebei Zhong Yi, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 870–871, 2009.
  48. B. H. Li, “Clinical effect of Wen Dan Decoction and Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on 73 patients with hypertension,” Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xin Nao Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi, vol. 9, no. 8, p. 910, 2011.
  49. S. P. Guo, X. P. He, X. M. Lin, and H. Zhu, “Effect of the modified Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on 60 patients with phlegm-dampness type primary hypertension,” Shanxi Zhong Yi, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 797–798, 2006.
  50. H. M. Zhou, “Clinical effect of the modified Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on hypertension with abundant phlegm-dampness syndrome,” Beijing Zhong Yi Yao, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 363–365, 2008.
  51. Q. F. Wu, M. X. Wen, and D. H. Lan, “Effect of Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on insulin resistance and blood lipid in hypertensive patients with abundant phlegm-dampness syndrome,” Fujian Zhong Yi Xue Yuan Xue Bao, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 8–10, 2007.
  52. Z. Y. Lei and X. Lin, “Effect of Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on blood pressure variability of menopausal patients with hypertension,” Xian Dai Zhong Xi Yi Ji He Za Zhi, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 499–500, 2009.
  53. Y. P. Liu, M. L. Hu, H. T. Zhang, and Y. S. Shen, “Clinical effect of the modified Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on middle-aged primary hypertension,” Zhong Yi Yao Xin Xi, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 27–28, 2007.
  54. Z. Z. Zhang, “Clinical effect of the modified Banxia baizhu tianma decoction on isolated systolic hypertension,” Liaoning Zhong Yi Za Zhi, vol. 29, no. 1, p. 31, 2002.
  55. S. X. Wang, “Clinical effect of treating hypertension from spleen,” Zhong Yi Yao Xue Kan, vol. 23, no. 11, p. 2100, 2005.
  56. J. P. T. Higgins and S. Green, Cochrane Handbook For Systematic Reviews of Interventions, Version 5. 1. 0, The Cochrane Collaboration, 2009.
  57. A. Vickers, N. Goyal, R. Harland, and R. Rees, “Do certain countries produce only positive results? A systematic review of controlled trials,” Controlled Clinical Trials, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 159–166, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. K. J. Chen, “Clinical service of Chinese medicine,” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 163–164, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. K. J. Chen and L. Z. Li, “Study of traditional Chinese medicine—which is after all the right way?” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 241–242, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. K. J. Chen, “Where are we going?” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 100–101, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. N. Robinson, “Integrative medicine—traditional Chinese medicine, a model?” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 21–25, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. A. P. Lu and K. J. Chen, “Chinese medicine pattern diagnosis could lead to innovation in medical sciences,” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 811–817, 2011.
  63. A. P. Lu and K. J. Chen, “Integrative medicine in clinical practice: from pattern differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine to disease treatment,” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 15, no. 2, p. 152, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. M. Y. Liu and K. J. Chen, “Convergence: the tradition and the modern,” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 164–165, 2012.