Table 1: The pooled results of Baduanjin exercise for plasma TC levels in healthy participants or clinical patients.

Participants Number of comparisons/T/CMD (95% CI)
(mmol/L)
P value (%)P heterogeneity

Baduanjin + routine versus routine treatment
 Clinical patients 5 136 136 −0.56 86
Baduanjin versus no treatment
 Clinical patients2 38 35 ( 77
 Healthy participants8 110 114 −0.58 41
Baduanjin versus other exercises
 Healthy participants2 49 47 −0.07 0
Baduanjin + routine versus other exercises + routine treatment
 Clinical patients 3 114 106 −0.01 68

T: The treatment group, C: The control group.