Table 4: The pooled results of Baduanjin exercise for plasma LDL-C level in healthy participants or clinical patients.

GroupNumbers of comparisons/T/CMD (95% CI)
(mmol/L)
P value (%)P heterogeneity

Baduanjin + routine treatment versus routine treatment
 Clinical patients 388880.14 (−0.03, 0.31) 60
Baduanjin versus no treatment
 Clinical patients23835−0.38 (−0.63, −0.13) 0
 Healthy participants9140144−0.35 (−0.54, −0.17) 47
Baduanjin versus other exercises
 Healthy participants249470.08 (−0.07, 0.23) 74
Baduanjin + routine treatment versus other exercises + routine treatment
 Clinical patients 31141060.08 (−0.43, 0.58) 88

T: The treatment group, C: The control group.