- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 342165, 12 pages
Dry Needling at Myofascial Trigger Spots of Rabbit Skeletal Muscles Modulates the Biochemicals Associated with Pain, Inflammation, and Hypoxia
1Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate Institute of Rehabilitation Science, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tzu Chi General Hospital, No. 66 Sec. 1 Fongsing Road, Tanzih Township, Taichung 42743, Taiwan
3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, China Medical University Hospital, No. 2 Yuh-Der Road Taichung 40447, Taiwan
4School of Chinese Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
Received 18 October 2012; Accepted 26 November 2012
Academic Editor: Chang-Zern Hong
Copyright © 2012 Yueh-Ling Hsieh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- R. D. Gerwin, “Myofascial aspects of low back pain,” Neurosurgery clinics of North America, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 761–784, 1991.
- C. Z. Hong and D. G. Simons, “Pathophysiologic and electrophysiologic mechanisms of myofascial trigger points,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 79, no. 7, pp. 863–872, 1998.
- D. G. Simons, J. G. Travell, and L. S. Simons, Travell and Simons’ Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Pa, USA, 2nd edition, 1999.
- C. Z. Hong, “Research on myofascial pain syndrome,” Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 343–366, 2008.
- J. Jarrell, “Myofascial pain in the adolescent,” Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 393–398, 2010.
- G. A. Malanga and E. J. C. Colon, “Myofascial low back pain: a review,” Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 711–724, 2010.
- S. Mense and D. G. Simons, Muscle Pain: Understanding Its Nature, Diagnosis, and Treatment, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins edition, 2001.
- J. R. Fricton, M. D. Auvinen, D. Dykstra, and E. Schiffman, “Myofascial pain syndrome. Electromyographic changes associated with local twitch response,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 314–317, 1985.
- J. P. Shah, J. V. Danoff, M. J. Desai et al., “Biochemicals associated with pain and inflammation are elevated in sites near to and remote from active myofascial trigger points,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 16–23, 2008.
- F. Lembeck and J. Donnerer, “Opioid control of the function of primary afferent substance P fibres,” European Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 241–246, 1985.
- J. P. Shah and E. A. Gilliams, “Uncovering the biochemical milieu of myofascial trigger points using in vivo microdialysis: an application of muscle pain concepts to myofascial pain syndrome,” Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 371–384, 2008.
- Y. L. Hsieh and C. Z. Hong, “Laser therapy for myofascial pain,” Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 22, no. 1–4, pp. 241–278, 2010.
- K. Tang, E. C. Breen, H. Wagner, T. D. Brutsaert, M. Gassmann, and P. D. Wagner, “HIF and VEGF relationships in response to hypoxia and sciatic nerve stimulation in rat gastrocnemius,” Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 71–80, 2004.
- C. Z. Hong, “New trends in myofascial pain syndrome,” Chinese Medical Journal, vol. 65, no. 11, pp. 501–512, 2002.
- Y. T. Huang, S. Y. Lin, C. A. Neoh, K. Y. Wang, Y. H. Jean, and H. Y. Shi, “Dry needling for myofascial pain: prognostic factors,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 755–762, 2011.
- L. Kalichman and S. Vulfsons, “Dry needling in the management of musculoskeletal pain,” Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 640–646, 2010.
- Y. L. Hsieh, M. J. Kao, T. S. Kuan, S. M. Chen, J. T. Chen, and C. Z. Hong, “Dry needling to a key myofascial trigger point may reduce the irritability of satellite MTrPs,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 397–403, 2007.
- T. M. Cummings and A. R. White, “Needling therapies in the management of myofascial trigger point pain: a systematic review,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 82, no. 7, pp. 986–992, 2001.
- C. Z. Hong, “Lidocaine injection versus dry needling to myofascial trigger point: the importance of the local twitch response,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 256–263, 1994.
- E. A. Tough, A. R. White, T. M. Cummings, S. H. Richards, and J. L. Campbell, “Acupuncture and dry needling in the management of myofascial trigger point pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials,” European Journal of Pain, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 3–10, 2009.
- M. Zimmermann, “Ethical considerations in relation to pain in animal experimentation,” Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, vol. 128, no. 554, pp. 221–233, 1986.
- M. Zimmermann, “Ethical guidelines for investigations of experimental pain in conscious animals,” Pain, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 109–110, 1983.
- K. H. Chen, C. Z. Hong, F. C. Kuo, H. C. Hsu, and Y. L. Hsieh, “Electrophysiologic effects of a therapeutic laser on myofascial trigger spots of rabbit skeletal muscles,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 87, no. 12, pp. 1006–1014, 2008.
- K. H. Chen, C. Z. Hong, H. C. Hsu, S. K. Wu, F. C. Kuo, and Y. L. Hsieh, “Dose-dependent and ceiling effects of therapeutic laser on myofascial trigger spots in rabbit skeletal muscles,” Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 235–245, 2010.
- Y. L. Hsieh, L. W. Chou, Y. S. Joe, and C. Z. Hong, “Spinal cord mechanism involving the remote effects of dry needling on the irritability of myofascial trigger spots in rabbit skeletal muscle,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 92, no. 7, pp. 1098–1105, 2011.
- C. Z. Hong and Y. Torigoe, “Electrophysiological characteristics of localized twitch responses in responsive taut bands of rabbit skeletal muscle fibers,” Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 17–43, 1994.
- D. G. Simons, C. Z. Hong, and L. S. Simons, “Prevalence of spontaneous electrical activity at trigger spots and at control sites in rabbit skeletal muscle,” Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 35–48, 1995.
- D. G. Simons, C. Z. Hong, and L. S. Simons, “Endplate potentials are common to midfiber myofacial trigger points,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 212–222, 2002.
- T. S. Kuan, J. T. Chen, S. M. Chen, C. H. Chien, and C. Z. Hong, “Effect of botulinum toxin on endplate noise in myofascial trigger spots of rabbit skeletal muscle,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 81, no. 7, pp. 512–520, 2002.
- T. S. Kuan, C. Z. Hong, J. T. Chen, S. M. Chen, and C. H. Chien, “The spinal cord connections of the myofascial trigger spots,” European Journal of Pain, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 624–634, 2007.
- P. L. Wood, “Animal models in analgesic testing,” in Central Nervous System Pharmacology. Analgesics: Neurochemical, Behavioral and Clinical Perspective, M. J. Kuhar and G. W. Pasternak, Eds., pp. 175–194, Raven Press, New York, NY, USA, 1984.
- L. W. Chou, Y. L. Hsieh, M. J. Kao, and C. Z. Hong, “Remote influences of acupuncture on the pain intensity and the amplitude changes of endplate noise in the myofascial trigger point of the upper trapezius muscle,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 905–912, 2009.
- R. Sekido, K. Ishimaru, and M. Sakita, “Differences of electroacupuncture-induced analgesic effect in normal and inflammatory conditions in rats,” American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 955–965, 2003.
- R. Taguchi, T. Taguchi, and H. Kitakoji, “Involvement of peripheral opioid receptors in electroacupuncture analgesia for carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia,” Brain Research, vol. 1355, pp. 97–103, 2010.
- E. S. Yang, P. W. Li, B. Nilius, and G. Li, “Ancient Chinese medicine and mechanistic evidence of acupuncture physiology,” Pflügers Archiv, vol. 462, no. 5, pp. 645–653, 2011.
- H. J. Lee, J. H. Lee, E. O. Lee et al., “Substance P and beta endorphin mediate electroacupuncture induced analgesic activity in mouse cancer pain model,” Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research, vol. 34, no. 1-2, pp. 27–40, 2009.
- A. S. McMillan, A. Nolan, and P. J. Kelly, “The efficacy of dry needling and procaine in the treatment of myofascial pain in the jaw muscles,” Journal of Orofacial Pain, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 307–314, 1997.
- T. A. Garvey, M. R. Marks, and S. W. Wiesel, “A prospective, randomized, double-blind evaluation of trigger-point injection therapy for low-back pain,” Spine, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 962–964, 1989.
- J. Chiang, Y. C. Shen, Y. H. Wang et al., “Honokiol protects rats against eccentric exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage by inhibiting NF-κB induced oxidative stress and inflammation,” European Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 610, no. 1–3, pp. 119–127, 2009.
- A. Inoue, K. Ikoma, N. Morioka et al., “Interleukin-1β induces substance P release from primary afferent neurons through the cyclooxygenase-2 system,” Journal of Neurochemistry, vol. 73, no. 5, pp. 2206–2213, 1999.
- J. T. Liou, F. C. Liu, C. C. Mao, Y. S. Lai, and Y. J. Day, “Inflammation confers dual effects on nociceptive processing in chronic neuropathic pain model,” Anesthesiology, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 660–672, 2011.
- A. Feldreich, M. Ernberg, B. Lund, and A. Rosen, “Increased beta-endorphin levels and generalized decreased pain thresholds in patients with limited jaw opening and movement-evoked pain from the temporomandibular joint,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 547–556, 2012.
- M. Milkiewicz and T. L. Haas, “Effect of mechanical stretch on HIF-1α and MMP-2 expression in capillaries isolated from overloaded skeletal muscles: laser capture microdissection study,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 289, no. 3, pp. H1315–H1320, 2005.
- Q. Fang Li, H. Xu, Y. Sun, R. Hu, and H. Jiang, “Induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase by isoflurane post-conditioning via hypoxia inducible factor-1α during tolerance against ischemic neuronal injury,” Brain Research, vol. 1451, pp. 1–9, 2012.
- G. Loor and P. T. Schumacker, “Role of hypoxia-inducible factor in cell survival during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion,” Cell Death and Differentiation, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 686–690, 2008.
- M. Bergeron, A. Y. Yu, K. E. Solway, G. L. Semenza, and F. R. Sharp, “Induction of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and its target genes following focal ischaemia in rat brain,” European Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 4159–4170, 1999.
- L. Rosendal, B. Larsson, J. Kristiansen et al., “Increase in muscle nociceptive substances and anaerobic metabolism in patients with trapezius myalgia: microdialysis in rest and during exercise,” Pain, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 324–334, 2004.
- S. E. Larsson, L. Bodegard, K. G. Henriksson, and P. A. Oberg, “Chronic trapezius myalgia: morphology and blood flow studied in 17 patients,” Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 394–398, 1990.
- F. Kadi, K. Waling, C. Ahlgren et al., “Pathological mechanisms implicated in localized female trapezius myalgia,” Pain, vol. 78, no. 3, pp. 191–196, 1998.
- R. A. Mesquita-Ferrari, M. D. Martins, J. A. Silva Jr. et al., “Effects of low-level laser therapy on expression of TNF-α and TGF-β in skeletal muscle during the repair process,” Lasers in Medical Science, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 335–340, 2011.
- F. A. Araújo, M. A. Rocha, J. B. Mendes, and S. P. Andrade, “Atorvastatin inhibits inflammatory angiogenesis in mice through down regulation of VEGF, TNF-α and TGF-β1,” Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 29–34, 2010.
- L. I. Filippin, A. J. Moreira, N. P. Marroni, and R. M. Xavier, “Nitric oxide and repair of skeletal muscle injury,” Nitric Oxide, vol. 21, no. 3-4, pp. 157–163, 2009.
- L. Tekin, S. Akarsu, O. Durmuş, E. Cakar, U. Dinçer, and M. Z. Kıralp, “The effect of dry needling in the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome: a randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial,” Clinical Rheumatology. In press.