Table 2: Muscle function before and after aquatic exercise in patients with chronic heart failure and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Knee extension in Biodex III. IsokineticBefore ( /10)After ( /9) value within the group value versus the control group

Peak torque (60°s Nm) right legT122 ± 41127 ± 34ns ns
C102 ± 3098 ± 32ns
Peak torque (180°s Nm) right legT88 ± 28119 ± 540.02 <0.001
C66 ± 2264 ± 24ns
Endurance decline in %, left legT46 ± 1744 ± 13ns ns
C51 ± 1452 ± 16ns
Isometric
 Peak torqueT136 ± 41136 ± 40ns ns
 60° (N) right legC109 ± 37101 ± 32ns
Hand strength
 Peak force (N)T342 ± 121385 ± 106ns ns
 Right handC248 ± 82221 ± 620.04
 Peak force 10 s (N)T289 ± 108323 ± 89ns ns
 Right handC207 ± 77187 ± 62ns
Clinical endurance tests
 Heel lift (n.o)T14 ± 718 ± 60.01 0.01
C14 ± 414 ± 5ns
 Shoulder flexion (n.o)T26 ± 11*36 ± 120.02 0.03
C17 ± 817 ± 28ns
 Shoulder abduction (s)T75 ± 2589 ± 270.01 <0.001
C64 ± 2656 ± 220.03

T: Training group, C: control group, ns: not significant, n.o.: number of, *: P ≤ 0.05 at baseline between training and control group.