Table 3: Effects of KBG on various parameters in A + B group .

PeriodWeek 0Week 4 -valuea -valueb

BMI (kg/m2)KBG 0.3976 0.3034
Control 0.9700
Waist circumference (cm)KBG 0.9280 0.9136
Control 0.9462
SBP (mmHg)KBG 0.0321* 0.2591
Control 0.3629
DBP (mmHg)KBG 0.1297 0.4088
Control 0.5626
L_RHIKBG 0.0003** 0.0034**
Control 0.7279
TG (mg/dL)KBG 0.9453 0.5339
Control 0.6347
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL)KBG 0.6699 0.3016
Control 0.1810
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dL)KBG 0.5803 0.1155
Control 0.0435*
NEFA (μEq/L)KBG 0.0024** 0.0113*
Control 0.3273
FPG (mg/dL)KBG 0.9159 0.2087
Control 0.1297
IRI (μU/mL)KBG 0.2609 0.5396
Control 0.9156
HOMA-IRKBG 0.3842 0.8010
Control 0.8639
Creatinine (mg/dL)KBG 0.8238 0.6513
Control 1.0000
hs-CRP (mg/dL)KBG 0.3721 0.7501
Control 0.3173
MDA (nmol/mL)KBG <0.0001** 0.0424*
Control 0.2804
sVCAM-1 (ng/mL)KBG 0.0126* 0.1659
Control 0.8107

KBG: keishibukuryogan; BMI: body mass index; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; L_RHI: natural logarithmic scaled reactive hyperemia; TG: triglyceride; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; LDL: low-density lipoprotein; NEFA: nonesterified fatty acid; FPG: fasting plasma glucose; IRI: immunoreactive insulin; HOMA-IR: homeostasis model assessment as an index of insulin resistance; hs-CRP: high-sensitive C-reactive protein; MDA: malondialdehyde; sVCAM-1: soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1.
aComparison between week 0 and week 4 by Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test.
bComparison of 4-week changes between KBG-treatment period and control period by MANOVA test.
Data are expressed as mean ± S.E., , .