Table 1: Baseline characteristics. Mean ± SD if not indicated otherwise.

CharacteristicYoga group 1 (n = 24)Yoga group 2 (n = 24)Control group (n = 24)P value

Mean age, y39.5 ± 7.840.0 ± 839.3 ± 9.20.991
BMI (kg/m²) 25.61 ± 3.725.7 ± 624.7 ± 60.357
Smokers, n (%)2 (8.3)9 (37.5)8 (33.3)0.046
Weight, kg74.4 ± 13.770.4 ± 18.570.8 ± 18.20.139
Exercise practice n (%)15 (62.5)7 (29.2)15 (62.5)0.028
Insomnia, n (%) 19 (79.2)18 (75)21 (87.5)0.813
CPSS score34.0 ± 8.035.8 ± 6.331.2 ± 6.80.067
CES-D score22.3 ± 8.423.0 ± 8.121.0 ± 8.80.598
S-STAI45.5 ± 10.649.0 ± 9.343.5 ± 11.00.169
T-STAI53.6 ± 10.753.7 ± 9.150.2 ± 8.60.51
Bf-S24.9 ± 14.123.8 ± 13.823.5 ± 14.00.948
GSI-score67.6 ± 9.867.9 ± 7.267.4 ± 9.00.991
POMS vigor2.2 ± 0.82.2 ± 1.12.8 ± 1.30.194
POMS fatigue2.8 ± 1.52.5 ± 1.32.7 ± 1.40.613
POMS depression1.6 ± 1.51.1 ± 0.81.5 ± 1.20.649
POMS anger 1.5 ± 1.61.0 ± 1.21.4 ± 1.30.418
QOL mental health−0.8 ± 0.8−0.6 ± 0.8−0.7 ± 0.90.575
QOL physical score0.0 ± 0.8−0.1 ± 0.7−0.3 ± 0.80.542
QOL mental score−1.7 ± 0.9−2.0 ± 0.7−1.6 ± 0.80.143
Freiburg complaint list2.7 ± 0.52.7 ± 0.52.6 ± 0.60.578

CPSS: Cohen Perceived Stress Scale; CES-D: Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; S-STAI: State Anxiety; T-STAI: Trait Anxiety; Bf-S: Zerssen well being scale; GSI: General Severity Index; POMS: Profile of Mood States; QOL: short form-36 Quality of Life.