Table 5: The 30 most commonly used herbal constituents.

Chinese nameScientific nameEnglish nameLatin nameFreq.Dose (g)

1川芎Rhizoma ChuanxiongSzechwan Lovage RhizomeLigusticum chuanxiong Hort.246–15
2首烏Radix Polygoni MultifloriFleeceflower rootPolygonum multiflorum Thunb.2410–20
3黃芪Radix AstragaliMilkvetch rootAstragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. Var. mongholicus (Bge.) Hsiao2215–120
4丹參Radix Salviae MiltiorrrhizaeDanshen rootSalvia miltiorrhiza Bge.1410–20
5人參Radix GinsengGinsengPanax ginseng C.A. Mey.136–10
6石菖 Rhizoma Acori TalarinowiiGrassleaf Sweetflag RhizomeAcorus tatarinowii Schott.136–10
7當歸Radix Angelica SinensisChinese AngelicaAngelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels116–15
8山茱 Fructus CorniAsiatic Cornelian Cherry fruitCornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.1010–15
9遠志Radix PolygalaeThinleaf Milkwort rootPolygala tenuifolia Willd.1010–12
10益智 Fructus Alpiniae OxyphyllaeSharpleaf Galangal fruitAlpinia oxyphylla Miq.910–15
11枸杞 Fructus LyciiBarbary Wolfberry fruitLycium barbarum L.810–20
12紅花Flos CarthamiSafflowerCarthamus tinctorius L.; Crocus sativus L.83–5
13黃精Rhizoma PolygonatiSolomonseal RhizomePolygonatum sibiricum Red.; P. cyrtonema Hua; P. kingianum Coll. et Hemsl.815–30
14九節 菖蒲Rhizoma Anemonis AltaicaeIrkutsk Anemone RhizomeAnemone altaica Fisch. ex. C.A. Mey.88–12
15熟地Radix RehmanniaeRehmannia rootRehmannia glutinosa Libosch.810–20
16赤芍Radix Peaoniae RubraRed Peony rootPaeonia lactiflora Pall.; P. veitchii Lynch76–15
17天麻Rhizoma GastrodiaeTall Gastrodia TuberGastrodia elata Bl.66–10
18桃仁Semen PersicaePeach seedPrunus persica (L.) Batsch; P. davidiana (Carr.) Franch.63–12
19淫羊 /仙靈脾Herba EpimediiEpimedium herbEpimedium brevicornum Maxim.; E. sagittatum (Sieb. et Zucc.) Maxim; E. pubescens Maxim.; E. wushanense T.S. Ying; E. koreanum Nakai612
20鬱金Radix Curcumae WenyujinTurmeric Root TuberCurcuma wenyujin Y. H. Chen et C. Ling; C. longa L.; C. kwangsiensis S.G. Lee et C. F. Liang; C. phaeocaulis Val.610–15
21白芍Radix Paeoniae AlbaWhite Peony rootPaeonia lactiflora Pall.415
22黨參Radix CodonopsisPilose Asiabell rootCodonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.; C. pilosula Nannf. var. modesta (Nannf.) L.T. Shen; C. tangshen Oliv.410–20
23女貞 Fructus Ligustri LucidiGlossy Privet fruitLigustrum lucidum Ait.310
24山藥/Rhizoma DioscoreaeCommon Yam RhizomeDioscorea opposita Thunb.315–30
25五味 Fructus Schisandrae ChinensisChinese Magnoliavine fruitSchisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill.310
26巴戟 Radix Morindae OfficinalisMorinda rootMorindae officinalis How320
27半夏Rhizoma PinelliaePinellia TuberPinellia ternate (Thunb.) Breit310–12
28白朮Rhizoma Atractylodis MacrocephalaeLargehead Atractylodes RhizomeAtractylodes macrocephala Koidz.310–15
29肉桂Cortex CinnamomiCassia BarkCinnamomum cassia Presl3Unkno-wn
30蓯蓉Herba CistanchesDesertliving CistanchesCistanche deserticola Y.C.Ma310–20