- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Annual Issues
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 431081, 7 pages
Antioxidant and Antityrosinase Activity of Flemingia macrophylla and Glycine tomentella Roots
1Department of Food Science & Technology, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, 60 Erh-Jen Road, Section 1, Jen-Te, Tainan 717, Taiwan
2Department of Applied Cosmetic Science, Ching Kuo Institute of Management and Health, 336 Fu-Hsing Road, Keelung 203, Taiwan
3Department of Pharmacy, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, 60 Erh-Jen Road, Section 1, Jen-Te, Tainan 717, Taiwan
4Department of Cosmetic Science, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, 60 Erh-Jen Road, Section 1, Jen-Te, Tainan 717, Taiwan
Received 2 June 2012; Revised 10 August 2012; Accepted 10 August 2012
Academic Editor: Vincenzo De Feo
Copyright © 2012 Bor-Sen Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- B. S. Wang, L. W. Chang, W. J. Yen, and P. D. Duh, “Antioxidative effect of sesame coat on LDL oxidation and oxidative stress in macrophages,” Food Chemistry, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 351–360, 2007.
- K. E. Heim, A. R. Tagliaferro, and D. J. Bobilya, “Flavonoid antioxidants: chemistry, metabolism and structure-activity relationships,” Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 572–584, 2002.
- J. S. Roh, J. Y. Han, J. H. Kim, and J. K. Hwang, “Inhibitory effects of active compounds isolated from safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seeds for melanogenesis,” Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 1976–1978, 2004.
- J. P. Germanas, S. Wang, A. Miner, W. Hao, and J. M. Ready, “Discovery of small-molecule inhibitors of tyrosinase,” Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, vol. 17, no. 24, pp. 6871–6875, 2007.
- M. J. Peñalver, J. N. Rodríguez-López, F. García-Molina, F. García-Cánovas, and J. Tudela, “Method for the determination of molar absorptivities of thiol adducts formed from diphenolic substrates of polyphenol oxidase,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 309, no. 2, pp. 180–185, 2002.
- A. J. Nappi and E. Vass, “Hydrogen peroxide generation associated with the oxidations of the eumelanin precursors 5,6-dihydroxyindole and 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid,” Melanoma Research, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 341–349, 1996.
- S. H. Lee, S. Y. Choi, H. Kim et al., “Mulberroside F isolated from the leaves of Morus alba inhibits melanin biosynthesis,” Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 1045–1048, 2002.
- K. Takara, K. Otsuka, K. Wada, H. Iwasaki, and M. Yamashita, “1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity and tyrosinase inhibitory effects of constituents of sugarcane molasses,” Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 183–191, 2007.
- H. Y. Hsu, Y. P. Chen, S. J. Sheu, et al., Oriental Materia Medica—A Concise Guide, Modern Drug Weekly of Taiwan, Taipe, China, 1985.
- S. J. Lin, H. L. Lay, S. T. Wu, and F. S. Thseng, “Contents of certain isoflavones in Glycine dolichocarpa, G. tabacina and G. tomentella collected in Taiwan,” Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 260–266, 2005.
- J. B. Wu, Y. D. Cheng, L. L. Su, C. W. Kuo, and S. C. Kuo, “A flavonol C-glycoside from Moghania macrophylla,” Phytochemistry, vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1727–1728, 1997.
- B. S. Pan, Y. Y. Kuo, T. Y. Chen, and Y. C. Liu, “Anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of two different species of a Chinese herb I-Tiao-Gung,” Life Sciences, vol. 77, no. 22, pp. 2830–2839, 2005.
- T. C. Lu, Y. Z. Ko, H. W. Huang, Y. C. Hung, Y. C. Lin, and W. H. Peng, “Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of aqueous extract from Glycine tomentella root in mice,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 113, no. 1, pp. 142–148, 2007.
- W. L. Chuang, Ø. Haugland, B. S. Pan, and Ø. Evensen, “Isoflavone-rich extracts from wooly glycine Glycine tomentella inhibits LPS-induced TNF-α expression in a macrophage cell line of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.),” Molecular Immunology, vol. 45, no. 15, pp. 3956–3964, 2008.
- M. S. Taga, E. E. Miller, and D. E. Pratt, “Chia seeds as a source of natural lipid antioxidants,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 928–931, 1984.
- B. El Hariri, G. Sallé, and C. Andary, “Involvement of flavonoids in the resistance of two poplar cultivars to mistletoe (Viscum album L.),” Protoplasma, vol. 162, no. 1, pp. 20–26, 1991.
- T. Hatano, H. Kagawa, T. Yasuhara, and T. Okuda, “Two new flavonoids and other constituents in licorice root: their relative astringency and radical scavenging effects,” Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 2090–2097, 1988.
- M. B. Arnao, A. Cano, and M. Acosta, “The hydrophilic and lipophilic contribution to total antioxidant activity,” Food Chemistry, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 239–244, 2001.
- M. Oyaizu, “Studies on products of browning reaction: antioxidative activity of products of browning reaction prepared from glucosamine,” Japanese Journal of Nutrition, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 307–315, 1986.
- P. Carter, “Spectrophotometric determination of serum iron at the submicrogram level with a new reagent (ferrozine),” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 450–458, 1971.
- H. Tamura and T. Shibamoto, “Antioxidative activity measurement in lipid peroxidation systems with malonaldehyde and 4-hydroxy nonenal,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, vol. 68, no. 12, pp. 941–943, 1991.
- I. Kubo, I. Kinst-Hori, S. K. Chaudhuri, Y. Kubo, Y. Sánchez, and T. Ogura, “Flavonols from Heterotheca inuloides: tyrosinase inhibitory activity and structural criteria,” Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1749–1755, 2000.
- P. G. Pietta, “Flavonoids as antioxidants,” Journal of Natural Products, vol. 63, no. 7, pp. 1035–1042, 2000.
- A. R. Ness and J. W. Powles, “Fruit and vegetables, and cardiovascular disease: a review,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 1997.
- B. Halliwell, “Antioxidant defence mechanisms: from the beginning to the end (of the beginning),” Free Radical Research, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 261–272, 1999.
- D. J. Huang, B. X. Ou, and R. L. Prior, “The chemistry behind antioxidant capacity assays,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 1841–1856, 2005.
- A. Sanchez-Ferrer, J. N. Rodriguez-Lopez, F. Garcia-Canovas, and F. Garcia-Carmona, “Tyrosinase: a comprehensive review of its mechanism,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, vol. 1247, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 1995.
- C. H. Lee, L. Yang, J. Z. Xu, S. Y. V. Yeung, Y. Huang, and Z. Y. Chen, “Relative antioxidant activity of soybean isoflavones and their glycosides,” Food Chemistry, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 735–741, 2005.
- G. G. J. M. Kuiper, J. G. Lemmen, B. Carlsson et al., “Interaction of estrogenic chemicals and phytoestrogens with estrogen receptor β,” Endocrinology, vol. 139, no. 10, pp. 4252–4263, 1998.
- M. J. Tikkanen, K. Wahala, S. Ojala, V. Vihma, and H. Adlercreutz, “Effect of soybean phytoestrogen intake on low density lipoprotein oxidation resistance,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 95, no. 6, pp. 3106–3110, 1998.
- W. Pan, K. Ikeda, M. Takebe, and Y. Yamori, “Genistein, daidzein and glycitein inhibit growth and DNA synthesis of aortic smooth muscle cells from stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 131, no. 4, pp. 1154–1158, 2001.
- Y. Zhang, T. T. Song, J. E. Cunnick, P. A. Murphy, and S. Hendrich, “Daidzein and genistein glucuronides in vitro are weakly estrogenic and activate human natural killer cells at nutritionally relevant concentrations,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 129, no. 2, pp. 399–405, 1999.