- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 595710, 9 pages
Getting Started with Taiji: Investigating Students Expectations and Teachers Appraisals of Taiji Beginners Courses
1Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, University of Bern, Imhoof-Pavillon, Inselspital, 3010 Bern, Switzerland
2Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Biological and Health Psychology, Alpeneggstraße 22, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
3Institute of Sport Science, University of Bern, Alpeneggstraße 22, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
4Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Therapy, University Hospital Bern, Inselspital, 3010 Bern, Switzerland
Received 9 August 2012; Accepted 10 October 2012
Academic Editor: Hans-Christian Deter
Copyright © 2012 Marko Nedeljkovic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- M. B. Ospina, K. Bond, M. Karkhaneh et al., “Clinical trials of meditation practices in health care: characteristics and quality,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1199–1213, 2008.
- A. Michalsen, “Stressed patients, stressed physicians and the need for mind-body medicine,” Forschende Komplementarmedizin, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 237–239, 2010.
- A. Chiesa and A. Serretti, “Mindfulness-based stress reduction for stress management in healthy people: a review and meta-analysis,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 593–600, 2009.
- P. Grossman, L. Niemann, S. Schmidt, and H. Walach, “Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 35–43, 2004.
- P. M. Wolsko, D. M. Eisenberg, R. B. Davis, and R. S. Phillips, “Use of mind-body medical therapies: results of a national survey,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 43–50, 2004.
- P. M. Wayne and T. J. Kaptchuk, “Challenges inherent to T'ai Chi research: part I—T'ai Chi as a complex multicomponent intervention,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 95–102, 2008.
- R. Robinson, Tai Chi For You—The Comprehensive Guide to Tai Chi at Home for Everybody, Duncan Baird, London, UK, 2006.
- P. M. Barnes, E. Powell-Griner, K. McFann, and R. L. Nahin, “Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults: United States, 2002,” Advance Data, no. 343, pp. 1–19, 2004.
- P. J. Klein and W. D. Adams, “Comprehensive therapeutic benefits of Taiji: a critical review,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 83, no. 9, pp. 735–745, 2004.
- M. S. Lee and E. Ernst, “Systematic reviews of T'ai Chi: an overview,” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 713–718, 2012.
- S. L. Wolf, H. X. Barnhart, N. G. Kutner, E. McNeely, C. Coogler, and T. Xu, “Reducing frailty and falls in older persons: an investigation of Tai Chi and computerized balance training,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 489–497, 1996.
- A. Voukelatos, R. G. Cumming, S. R. Lord, and C. Rissel, “A randomized, controlled trial of tai chi for the prevention of falls: the central sydney Tai Chi trial,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 1185–1191, 2007.
- A. W. K. Chan, A. Lee, L. K. P. Suen, and W. W. S. Tam, “Tai chi Qigong improves lung functions and activity tolerance in COPD clients: a single blind, randomized controlled trial,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 3–11, 2011.
- C. Wang, C. H. Schmid, R. Rones et al., “A randomized trial of tai chi for fibromyalgia,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 363, no. 8, pp. 743–754, 2010.
- W. Zhu, S. Guan, and Y. Yang, “Clinical implications of Tai Chi interventions: a review,” American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 418–432, 2010.
- C. Wang, “Tai Chi and rheumatic diseases,” Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 19–32, 2011.
- C. Wang, R. Bannuru, J. Ramel, B. Kupelnick, T. Scott, and C. H. Schmid, “Tai Chi on psychological well-being: systematic review and meta-analysis,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 10, article 23, 2010.
- R. E. Taylor-Piliae, W. L. Haskell, C. M. Waters, and E. S. Froelicher, “Change in perceived psychosocial status following a 12-week Tai Chi exercise programme,” Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 313–329, 2006.
- L. Zhang, C. Layne, T. Lowder, and J. Liu, “A review focused on the psychological effectiveness of Tai Chi on different populations,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 678107, 9 pages, 2012.
- T. Esch, J. Duckstein, J. Welke, G. B. Stefano, and V. Braun, “Mind/body techniques for physiological and psychological stress reduction: stress management via Tai Chi training—a pilot study,” Medical Science Monitor, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. CR488–CR497, 2007.
- J. L. W. Robins, N. L. McCain, D. P. Gray, R. K. Elswick, J. M. Walter, and E. McDade, “Research on psychoneuroimmunology: Tai chi as a stress management approach for individuals with HIV disease,” Applied Nursing Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 2–9, 2006.
- M. Nedeljkovic, B. Ausfeld-Hafter, K. Streitberger, R. Seiler, and P. Wirtz, “Taiji practice attenuates psychobiological stress reactivity—a randomized controlled trial in healthy subjects,” Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 37, pp. 1171–1180, 2012.
- S. Gatts, “Neural mechanisms underlying balance control in Tai Chi,” Medicine and Sport Science, vol. 52, pp. 87–103, 2008.
- B. Iuliano, D. Grahn, V. Cao, B. Zhao, and J. Rose, “Physiologic correlates of T'ai Chi Chuan,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 77–81, 2011.
- I. Kirsch, “Specifying nonspecifics: psychological mechanisms of placebo effects,” in The Placebo Effect: An Interdisciplinary Exploration, A. Harrington, Ed., pp. 166–186, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 1997.
- M. V. Mondloch, D. C. Cole, and J. W. Frank, “Does how you do depend on how you think you'll do? A systematic review of the evidence for a relation between patients' recovery expectations and health outcomes,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 165, no. 2, pp. 174–179, 2001.
- J. Pariente, P. White, R. S. J. Frackowiak, and G. Lewith, “Expectancy and belief modulate the neuronal substrates of pain treated by acupuncture,” NeuroImage, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 1161–1167, 2005.
- K. Linde, C. M. Witt, A. Streng et al., “The impact of patient expectations on outcomes in four randomized controlled trials of acupuncture in patients with chronic pain,” Pain, vol. 128, no. 3, pp. 264–271, 2007.
- D. W. So, “Acupuncture outcomes, expectations, patient-provider relationship, and the placebo effect: implications for health promotion,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 92, no. 10, pp. 1662–1667, 2002.
- J. Waylett-Rendall and L. O. Niemeyer, “Exploratory analysis to identify factors impacting return-to-work outcomes in cases of cumulative trauma disorder,” Journal of Hand Therapy, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 50–57, 2004.
- L. A. Learman, J. Avorn, D. E. Everitt, and R. Rosenthal, “Pygmalion in the nursing home: the effects of caregiver expectations on patient outcomes,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 797–803, 1990.
- C. M. Witt, F. Martins, S. N. Willich, and L. Schuetzler, “Can I help you? Physicians' expectations as predictor for treatment outcome,” European Journal of Pain, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 1455–1466, 2012.
- A. M. Hall, P. H. Ferreira, C. G. Maher, J. Latimer, and M. L. Ferreira, “The influence of the therapist-patient relationship on treatment outcome in physical rehabilitation: a systematic review,” Physical Therapy, vol. 90, no. 8, pp. 1099–1110, 2010.
- A. O. Horvath and B. D. Symonds, “Relation between working alliance and outcome in psychotherapy: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 139–149, 1991.
- A. S. Joyce and W. E. Piper, “Expectancy, the therapeutic alliance, and treatment outcome in short- term individual psychotherapy,” Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 236–248, 1998.
- F. Al-Darmaki and D. M. Kivlighan, “Congruence in client-counselor expectations for relationship and the working alliance,” Journal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 379–384, 1993.
- P. Jin, “Efficacy of Tai Chi, brisk walking, meditation, and reading in reducing mental and emotional stress,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 361–370, 1992.
- S. D. Klein, “Why Patients choose acupuncture or qigong, and what they expect from the treatment,” Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Akupunktur, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 18–23, 2009.
- R. B. Catell, “The scree test for the number of factors,” Multivariate Behavioral Research, vol. 1, pp. 245–276, 1966.
- P. Mayring, An Introduction Into Qualitative Research in Social Sciences, Beltz, Weinheim, Germany, 2002.
- N. Pennington and B. Rehder, “Looking for transfer and interference,” in Psychology of Learning and Motivation: Advances in Research and Theory, D. L. Medin, Ed., pp. 223–289, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1995.
- M. Rasinaho, M. Hirvensalo, R. Leinonen, T. Lintunen, and T. Rantanen, “Motives for and barriers to physical activity among older adults with mobility limitations,” Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 90–102, 2007.
- K. C. Lam, Step-by-Step Tai Chi, Touchstone Books, New York, NY, USA, 1994.
- B. Frantzis, Tai Chi: Health for Life, Blue Snake Books, Berkley, Calif, USA, 2006.
- M. Schweitzer, L. Gilpin, and S. Frampton, “Healing spaces: elements of environmental design that make an impact on health,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 10, supplement 1, pp. S-71–S-83, 2004.
- H. MacPherson, L. Thorpe, and K. Thomas, “Beyond needling—therapeutic processes in acupuncture care: a qualitative study nested within a low-back pain trial,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 873–880, 2006.
- W. B. Jonas and R. A. Chez, “Toward optimal healing environments in health care,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 10, supplement 1, pp. S-1–S-6, 2004.
- Z. Di Blasi, E. Harkness, E. Ernst, A. Georgiou, and J. Kleijnen, “Influence of context effects on health outcomes: a systematic review,” The Lancet, vol. 357, no. 9258, pp. 757–762, 2001.
- B. Mulder, M. de Bruin, H. Schreurs, E. van Ameijden, and C. van Woerkum, “Stressors and resources mediate the association of socioeconomic position with health behaviours,” BMC Public Health, vol. 11, no. 1, article 798, 2011.
- K. W. Brown and R. M. Ryan, “The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 822–848, 2003.
- A. B. Allen and M. R. Leary, “Self-compassion, stress, and coping,” Social and Personality Psychology Compass, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 107–118, 2010.
- M. Nedeljkovic, P. H. Wirtz, and B. Ausfeld-Hafter, “Effects of Taiji practice on mindfulness and self-compassion in healthy participants—a randomized controlled trial,” Mindfulness, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 200–208, 2012.
- A. Burke, K. Ginzburg, K. Collie, D. Trachtenberg, and M. Muhammad, “Exploring the role of complementary and alternative medicine in public health practice and training,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 931–936, 2005.
- C. A. Okoro, G. Zhao, C. Li, and L. S. Balluz, “Use of complementary and alternative medicine among USA adults with functional limitations: for treatment or general use?” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 208–215, 2011.