About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 714391, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/714391
Research Article

Brain-Modulated Effects of Auricular Acupressure on the Regulation of Autonomic Function in Healthy Volunteers

1TCM Research Center Graz and Research Unit of Biomedical Engineering in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 29, 8036 Graz, Austria
2Department of Physiology, Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China

Received 19 May 2011; Accepted 11 June 2011

Academic Editor: Rui Chen

Copyright © 2012 Xin-Yan Gao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Litscher, “Ten years evidence-based high-tech acupuncture: a short review of animal experiments,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 153–158, 2010.
  2. G. Litscher, “Ten years evidence-based high-tech acupuncture—a short review of centrally measured effects,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 305–314, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. G. Litscher, “Ten years evidence-based high-tech acupuncture part 3: a short review of animal experiments,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 151–155, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  4. G. Litscher, “Bioengineering assessment of acupuncture—part 7: heart rate variability,” Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 35, no. 3-4, pp. 183–195, 2007. View at Scopus
  5. J. Baulmann, U. Schillings, S. Rickert et al., “A new oscillometric method for assessment of arterial stiffness: comparison with tonometric and piezo-electronic methods,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 523–528, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  6. G. Litscher, L. Wang, I. Gaischek, and X. Y. Gao, “Violet laser acupuncture—part 4: acute effects on human arterial stiffness and wave reflection,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies. In press.
  7. T. Oleson, “Overview and history of auriculotherapy,” in Auriculotherapy Manual: Chinese and Western Systems of Ear Acupuncture, T. Oleson, Ed., vol. 2, Churchill Livingstone, London, UK, 2003.
  8. P. Nogier, “Face to face with auriculotherapy,” Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics Research, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 99–100, 1983. View at Scopus
  9. P. Nogier, Points Reflexes Auriculares, Maisonneuve, Moulins-les-Metz, France, 1987.
  10. R. Helling and M. Feldmeier, Aurikulomedizin nach Nogier, Hippokrates, Stuttgart, Germany, 1999.
  11. J. C. Széles and G. Litscher, “Objectivation of cerebral effects with a new continuous electrical auricular stimulation technique for pain management,” Neurological Research, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 797–800, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  12. L. Wang, J. Valentini, K. Sugimoto, et al., “Biomedical teleacupuncture between China and Austria using heart rate variability—part 1: post-stroke patients,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2011, Article ID 782489, 5 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  13. G. Litscher and D. Litscher, ““Fire of Life” analysis of heart rate variability during alpine skiing in Austria,” North American Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 258–262, 2010.
  14. M. Malik, A. J. Camm, J. T. Bigger Jr. et al., “Heart rate variability. Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use,” European Heart Journal, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 354–381, 1996.
  15. H. Q. Huang and S. Z. Liang, “Improvement of blood pressure and left cardiac function in patients with hypertension by auricular acupuncture,” Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi, vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 654–643, 1991 (Chinese). View at Scopus
  16. J. R. Zhou, “Effect of auriculo-acupuncture plus needle embedding in heart point on left cardiac, humoral and endocrine function,” Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 153–132, 1993 (Chinese). View at Scopus
  17. X. Y. Gao, S. P. Zhang, B. Zhu, and H. Q. Zhang, “Investigation of specificity of auricular acupuncture points in regulation of autonomic function in anesthetized rats,” Autonomic Neuroscience, vol. 138, no. 1-2, pp. 50–56, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  18. X. Y. Gao, Y. H. Li, K. Liu et al., “Acupuncture-like stimulation at auricular point Heart evokes cardiovascular inhibition via activating the cardiac-related neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarius,” Brain Research, vol. 1397, pp. 19–27, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  19. H. Satoh, “Acute effects of acupuncture treatment with Baihui (GV20) on human arterial stiffness and wave reflection,” JAMS Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 130–134, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. F. Rivas-Vilchis, R. Escorcia-Gaona, J. A. Cervantes-Reyes, and R. Román-Ramos, “Vascular responses to manual PC6 acupuncture in nonsmokers and smokers assessed by the second derivative of the finger photoplethysmogram waveform,” JAMS Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 58–62, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. F. Rivas-Vilchis, F. Hernández-Sánchez, R. González-Camarena et al., “Assessment of the vascular effects of PC6 (Neiguan) using the second derivative of the finger photoplethysmogram in healthy and hypertensive subjects,” American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 427–436, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. Tan, S. C. Wang, and G. J. Zhang, “Effect of acupuncture and massage at tendon on F-wave of electromyogram in the patient of flexor spasm of the upper limb after operation of cervical spondylosis,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 725–728, 2006.
  23. C. F. Lin, J. M. Liao, S. J. Tsai et al., “Depressor effect on blood pressure and flow elicited by electroacupuncture in normal subjects,” Autonomic Neuroscience, vol. 107, no. 1, pp. 60–64, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  24. C. M. McEniery, Yasmin, I. R. Hall, A. Qasem, I. B. Wilkinson, and J. R. Cockcroft, “Normal vascular aging: differential effects on wave reflection and aortic pulse wave velocity. The Anglo-Cardiff Collaborative Trial (ACCT),” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 1753–1760, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  25. G. Litscher, “Modernization of traditional acupuncture using multimodal computer-based high-tech methods-recent results of blue laser and teleacupuncture from the Medical University of Graz,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 202–209, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. G. Litscher, T. Huang, L. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Violet laser acupuncture—part 1: effects on brain circulation,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 255–259, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. L. Wang, T. Huang, W. Zhang, and G. Litscher, “Violet laser acupuncture—part 2: effects on peripheral microcirculation,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 24–28, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. G. Litscher, L. Wang, T. Huang, and W. B. Zhang, “Violet laser acupuncture—part 3: effects on temperature distribution,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies. In press.
  29. G. Litscher, Z. Xie, L. Wang, and I. Gaischek, “Blue 405 nm laser light mediates heart rate—investigations at the acupoint Neiguan (Pe.6) in Chinese adults,” North American Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 1, pp. 226–231, 2009.
  30. G. Litscher, “High-tech laser acupuncture is Chinese medicine,” Medical Acupuncture, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 245–254, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. G. Litscher, “Transcontinental and translational high-tech acupuncture research using computer-based heart rate and “Fire of Life” heart rate variability analysis,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 156–164, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. G. Litscher, “Bioengineering assessment of acupuncture—part 1: thermography,” Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 1–22, 2006.
  33. G. Litscher, “Bioengineering assessment of acupuncture—part 2: monitoring of microcirculation,” Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 273–293, 2006.
  34. G. Litscher, “Bioengineering assessment of acupuncture—part 3: ultrasound,” Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 295–325, 2006.
  35. G. Litscher, “Bioengineering assessment of acupuncture—part 4: functional magnetic resonance imaging,” Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 327–345, 2006.
  36. G. Litscher, “Bioengineering assessment of acupuncture—part 5: cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy,” Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 439–457, 2006.
  37. G. Litscher, “Bioengineering assessment of acupuncture—part 6: monitoring—neurophysiology,” Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 35, no. 1-2, pp. 1–36, 2007.
  38. G. Litscher, “Bioengineering assessment of acupuncture—part 8: innovative moxibustion,” Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 117–126, 2010.
  39. G. Litscher, G. Bauernfeind, X. Y. Gao, et al., “Battlefield acupuncture and near-infrared spectroscopy—miniaturized computer-triggered electrical stimulation of battlefield ear acupuncture points and 50-channel near-infrared spectroscopic mapping,” Medical Acupuncture. In press.