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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 739045, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/739045
Review Article

Acupuncture for the Treatment of Opiate Addiction

1School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, No. 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
2Graduate Institute of Integrated Medicine, China Medical University, No. 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
3Department of Psychiatry, Armed Forces Taoyuan General Hospital, No. 168 Zhong-Xing Road, Taoyuan 32551, Taiwan
4Graduate Institute of Acupuncture Science, China Medical University, No. 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan

Received 2 May 2011; Revised 15 July 2011; Accepted 14 November 2011

Academic Editor: Edwin L. Cooper

Copyright © 2012 Jaung-Geng Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Acupuncture is an accepted treatment worldwide for various clinical conditions, and the effects of acupuncture on opiate addiction have been investigated in many clinical trials. The present review systematically analyzed data from randomized clinical trials published in Chinese and English since 1970. We found that the majority agreed on the efficacy of acupuncture as a strategy for the treatment of opiate addiction. However, some of the methods in several included trials have been criticized for their poor quality. This review summarizes the quality of the study design, the types of acupuncture applied, the commonly selected acupoints or sites of the body, the effectiveness of the treatment, and the possible mechanism underlying the effectiveness of acupuncture in these trials.