Improvements in immediate and delayed memory, verbal fluency, attention, executive functioning, and self-reported cognitive functioning
* Improvements in stress* Trend toward improved vigor No changes in fatigue Improved balance*
Yang style tai chi chuan versus psychosocial support therapy 12 weeks, 60′ sessions, 3x/week
Functional capacity (aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and flexibility) QOL (FACIT-Fatigue) Body composition Self-esteem (RSE)
Trend toward improvement in aerobic capacity and flexibility Improved muscle strength and QOL at 12 weeks* No difference in body composition Improved self-esteem* Self-esteem positively correlated with QOL*
BSAP: Bone-Specific Alkaline Phosphatase; FACIT-Fatigue: Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue; HRQOL: health-Related Quality of Life; IGFBP: Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein; IL: Interleukin; IGF: Insulin-like Growth Factor; MASQ: Multiple Abilities Self-Report Questionnaire; NTx: N-Telopeptides of Type I Collagen; IES-R: Impact of Event Scale-Revised; POMS-SF: Profile of Mood States-Short Form; RSE: Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale; bold text with*: statistically significant ().