Table 2: Comparison of functional parameters as revealed by echocardiography in rats ( ).

GroupNLVFS (%)LVEF (%)

sham10
HF9 *** ***
HF + CAP11
HF + VAD10

Notes: ***compared to the sham group, ; compared to the AMI group, . HF = heart failure; CAP = captopril; VAD = velvet antler of deer.