Table 3: Subgroup analyses: effect sizes of yoga versus controls.

Outcome
No. of studiesNo. of patients No. of patients Standardized mean difference Heterogeneity
(yoga)(control)[95% confidence interval](overall effect) ; Chi2;

Yoga versus no treatmenta
 Total symptoms3166144−0.53 [−1.19, 0.14]0.1285%; 13.05; <0.01
 Psychological symptoms3166144−0.36 [−0.81, 0.09]0.1268%; 6.23; 0.04
 Somatic symptoms2151129−0.38 [−1.08, 0.33]0.2987%, 7.86; <0.01
 Vasomotor symptoms
 Urogenital symptoms2151129−0.37 [−1.14, 0.40]0.3489%; 9.37; <0.01
Yoga versus exercisea
 Total symptoms276770.10 [−0.37, 0.58] 0.6738%; 1.61; 0.20
 Psychological symptoms31301310.10 [−0.43, 0.62] 0.7275%; 7.93; 0.02
 Somatic symptoms21151170.06 [−0.20, 0.32] 0.660%; 0.17; 0.68
 Vasomotor symptoms2115117−0.13 [−0.58, 0.33] 0.5867%, 3.07; 0.08
 Urogenital symptoms2151129−0.37 [−1.14, 0.40] 0.3489%; 9.37; <0.01

aReference [42, 45] with one control arm each.